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Current Trends in Fully Automated On-Line Analytical Techniques for Beverage Analysis

Institute of Chemistry of São Carlos, University of São Paulo, São Carlos, SP 13566-590, Brazil
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Beverages 2019, 5(1), 13; https://doi.org/10.3390/beverages5010013
Received: 20 November 2018 / Revised: 14 January 2019 / Accepted: 15 January 2019 / Published: 1 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Current Trends in Analytical Techniques for Beverage Analysis)
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Abstract

The determination of target analytes in complex matrices such as beverages requires a series of analytical steps to obtain a reliable analysis. This critical review presents the current trends in sample preparation techniques based on solid phase extraction miniaturization, automation and on-line coupling. Techniques discussed include solid-phase extraction (SPE), solid-phase microextraction (SPME), in-tube solid-phase microextraction (in-tube SPME) and turbulent-flow chromatography (TFC). Advantages and limitations, as well as several of their main applications in beverage samples are discussed. Finally, fully automated on-line systems that involve extraction, chromatographic separation, and tandem mass spectrometry in one-step are introduced and critically reviewed. View Full-Text
Keywords: sample preparation; beverages; on-line solid-phase extraction; solid-phase microextraction; on-line analysis; fully automated analysis sample preparation; beverages; on-line solid-phase extraction; solid-phase microextraction; on-line analysis; fully automated analysis
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Mejía-Carmona, K.; Jordan-Sinisterra, M.; Lanças, F.M. Current Trends in Fully Automated On-Line Analytical Techniques for Beverage Analysis. Beverages 2019, 5, 13.

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