Next Article in Journal
Impacts of Climate Change on Irrigation Water Management in the Babai River Basin, Nepal
Next Article in Special Issue
Validation of Soil Survey Estimates of Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity in Major Soils of Puerto Rico
Previous Article in Journal
Modeling of the Geological Probability Procedure for the Prediction of High Flows in Small Streams, Case Study of Medvednica Mt., Croatia
Previous Article in Special Issue
Calcium and Potassium Nutrition Increases the Water Use Efficiency in Coffee: A Promising Strategy to Adapt to Climate Change
Article

A Catalogue of Tropical Cyclone Induced Instantaneous Peak Flows Recorded in Puerto Rico and a Comparison with the World’s Maxima

Department of Geography and the Environment, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78748, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Michael Piasecki and Eric Harmsen
Hydrology 2021, 8(2), 84; https://doi.org/10.3390/hydrology8020084
Received: 5 May 2021 / Revised: 19 May 2021 / Accepted: 19 May 2021 / Published: 21 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydrology in the Caribbean Basin)
Peak streamflow rates from the Insular Caribbean have received limited attention in worldwide catalogues in spite of their potential for exceptionality given many of the islands’ steep topographic relief and proneness to high rainfall rates associated with tropical cyclones. This study compiled 1922 area-normalized peak streamflow rates recorded during tropical cyclones in Puerto Rico from 1899 to 2020. The results show that the highest peak flow values recorded on the island were within the range of the world’s maxima for watersheds with drainage areas from 10 to 619 km2. Although higher tropical cyclone rainfall and streamflow rates were observed on average for the central–eastern half of Puerto Rico, the highest of all cyclone-related peaks occurred throughout the entire island and were caused by tropical depressions, tropical storms, or hurricanes. Improving our understanding of instantaneous peak flow rates in Puerto Rico and other islands of the Caribbean is locally important due to their significance in terms of flooding extent and its associated impacts, but also because these could serve as indicators of the implications of a changing climate on tropical cyclone intensity and the associated hydrologic response. View Full-Text
Keywords: hurricanes; Caribbean; flood envelope; peak flow maxima; natural hazard hurricanes; Caribbean; flood envelope; peak flow maxima; natural hazard
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Ramos-Scharrón, C.E.; Garnett, C.T.; Arima, E.Y. A Catalogue of Tropical Cyclone Induced Instantaneous Peak Flows Recorded in Puerto Rico and a Comparison with the World’s Maxima. Hydrology 2021, 8, 84. https://doi.org/10.3390/hydrology8020084

AMA Style

Ramos-Scharrón CE, Garnett CT, Arima EY. A Catalogue of Tropical Cyclone Induced Instantaneous Peak Flows Recorded in Puerto Rico and a Comparison with the World’s Maxima. Hydrology. 2021; 8(2):84. https://doi.org/10.3390/hydrology8020084

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ramos-Scharrón, Carlos E., Caroline T. Garnett, and Eugenio Y. Arima 2021. "A Catalogue of Tropical Cyclone Induced Instantaneous Peak Flows Recorded in Puerto Rico and a Comparison with the World’s Maxima" Hydrology 8, no. 2: 84. https://doi.org/10.3390/hydrology8020084

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop