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The Alchemist’s Approach to Metal Poisoning: Transforming the Metal Burden

Department of Psychology, Ashford University, 8620 Spectrum Center Blvd, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
Toxics 2014, 2(3), 364-376;
Received: 21 February 2014 / Revised: 30 May 2014 / Accepted: 18 June 2014 / Published: 25 June 2014
(This article belongs to the Collection Heavy Metals Toxicology)
PDF [485 KB, uploaded 25 June 2014]


Metal poisoning is a global problem with humans being exposed to a wide range of metals in varying doses and varying time frames. Traditionally, treatment involves removal of the toxic source or chelation therapy. An intermediate approach is needed. This review outlines the argument for the use of essential metal supplementation as a strategy to induce metallothionein expression and displace the toxic metal from important biological systems, improving the metal burden of the patient. Specific recommendations are given for supplementation with calcium, zinc and vitamin E as a broad strategy to improve the status of those exposed to toxic metals. View Full-Text
Keywords: metal poisoning; treatment; zinc; metallothionein metal poisoning; treatment; zinc; metallothionein
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Briner, W. The Alchemist’s Approach to Metal Poisoning: Transforming the Metal Burden. Toxics 2014, 2, 364-376.

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