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Toxics 2014, 2(3), 403-416;

An Update and Review of Unconventional Metals Testing and Treatment

1,2,* , 2,3,4,†
Harvard Medical Toxicology Fellowship, Boston Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Harvard Medical School, 25 Shattuck Street, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Cambridge Health Alliance, 1493 Cambridge St, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 667 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 May 2014 / Revised: 29 July 2014 / Accepted: 30 July 2014 / Published: 11 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Collection Heavy Metals Toxicology)
Full-Text   |   PDF [503 KB, uploaded 11 August 2014]


Most patients who receive unconventional testing for metals do not have any remarkable exposure history and typically lack symptoms or objective findings compatible with classic heavy metal intoxication. Unconventional tests results are usually promoted by alternative practitioners as the basis for recommending, promoting, and selling to the patient questionable and often inappropriate therapies/interventions supposedly aimed at “detoxification”. Most of these patients will have no evidence of overexposure to metals on the basis of a thorough history and will have levels of metals on conventional tests performed at reliable laboratories that are undetectable, within population background ranges or above population background, but well below levels associated with toxicity. View Full-Text
Keywords: heavy metals; chelation; provoked urine testing; unconventional; alternative medicine heavy metals; chelation; provoked urine testing; unconventional; alternative medicine
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Felton, D.J.; Kales, S.N.; Goldman, R.H. An Update and Review of Unconventional Metals Testing and Treatment. Toxics 2014, 2, 403-416.

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