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The Interband Cascade Laser

1
Code, 5613, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375, USA
2
Jacobs Corporation, Hanover, MD 21076, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Photonics 2020, 7(3), 75; https://doi.org/10.3390/photonics7030075
Received: 23 August 2020 / Revised: 6 September 2020 / Accepted: 10 September 2020 / Published: 15 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Lasers, Light Sources and Sensors)
We review the history, development, design principles, experimental operating characteristics, and specialized architectures of interband cascade lasers for the mid-wave infrared spectral region. We discuss the present understanding of the mechanisms limiting the ICL performance and provide a perspective on the potential for future improvements. Such device properties as the threshold current and power densities, continuous-wave output power, and wall-plug efficiency are compared with those of the quantum cascade laser. Newer device classes such as ICL frequency combs, interband cascade vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers, interband cascade LEDs, interband cascade detectors, and integrated ICLs are reviewed for the first time. View Full-Text
Keywords: interband cascade laser; semiconductor laser; laser design; interband cascade detector; single-mode laser; vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser; interband cascade LED; optical frequency comb; photonic integrated circuit interband cascade laser; semiconductor laser; laser design; interband cascade detector; single-mode laser; vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser; interband cascade LED; optical frequency comb; photonic integrated circuit
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MDPI and ACS Style

Meyer, J.R.; Bewley, W.W.; Canedy, C.L.; Kim, C.S.; Kim, M.; Merritt, C.D.; Vurgaftman, I. The Interband Cascade Laser. Photonics 2020, 7, 75. https://doi.org/10.3390/photonics7030075

AMA Style

Meyer JR, Bewley WW, Canedy CL, Kim CS, Kim M, Merritt CD, Vurgaftman I. The Interband Cascade Laser. Photonics. 2020; 7(3):75. https://doi.org/10.3390/photonics7030075

Chicago/Turabian Style

Meyer, Jerry R., William W. Bewley, Chadwick L. Canedy, Chul S. Kim, Mijin Kim, Charles D. Merritt, and Igor Vurgaftman. 2020. "The Interband Cascade Laser" Photonics 7, no. 3: 75. https://doi.org/10.3390/photonics7030075

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