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European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education is published by MDPI from Volume 10 Issue 1 (2020). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with University Association of Education and Psychology.

Table of Contents

Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ., Volume 8, Issue 2 (August 2018) , Pages 65-127

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Open AccessArticle
Psychometric properties of the Inventory of School Difficulties in Adolescents (ISDA) within the Chilean population
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2018, 8(2), 103-117; https://doi.org/10.30552/ejihpe.v8i2.249 (registering DOI)
Received: 3 June 2018 / Revised: 22 July 2018 / Accepted: 25 July 2018 / Published: 25 July 2018
Viewed by 63 | PDF Full-text (321 KB)
Abstract
Recent studies have indicated that health-risk behaviors and behavioral problems are appearing increasingly at a younger age within the Latin-American population. The Inventory of School Difficulties in Adolescents (ISDA. Martinez-Gonzalez & Vera-Villarroel, 2013) is a new screening scale of 13 items that assesses [...] Read more.
Recent studies have indicated that health-risk behaviors and behavioral problems are appearing increasingly at a younger age within the Latin-American population. The Inventory of School Difficulties in Adolescents (ISDA. Martinez-Gonzalez & Vera-Villarroel, 2013) is a new screening scale of 13 items that assesses behavioral problems and common risky behaviors highly relevant within educational settings, especially related to school failure. The aim of this study is to examine the psychometric properties and factor structure of the ISDA. The ISDA, a social-demographic questionnaire and a measure of anxiety and depression symptoms were applied to a sample of 719 Chilean adolescents. The results indicate that the ISDA contains a bi-factor structure: behavioral problems and risky behaviors for health. Estimations of internal consistency and test-retest reliability, as well as evidences of convergent-discriminant validity were adequate. Therefore, the ISDA is an adequate screening tool for assessing risky behaviors and behavioral problems for Chilean adolescents within school settings. Full article
Open AccessArticle
Associations between entrepreneurial self-efficacy and other psycho-educational variables
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2018, 8(2), 91-102; https://doi.org/10.30552/ejihpe.v8i2.247 (registering DOI)
Received: 20 May 2018 / Revised: 23 July 2018 / Accepted: 25 July 2018 / Published: 25 July 2018
Viewed by 62 | PDF Full-text (460 KB)
Abstract
The aim of the present study is to contrast the existing associations between entrepreneurial self-efficacy and other psycho-educational variables such as emotional intelligence and coping strategies of daily stress in a sample of university students. For this, there were 120 university students, most [...] Read more.
The aim of the present study is to contrast the existing associations between entrepreneurial self-efficacy and other psycho-educational variables such as emotional intelligence and coping strategies of daily stress in a sample of university students. For this, there were 120 university students, most of them women, between the ages of 18 and 36 (M=20.88; SD=3.34) belonging to the Faculty of Educational Sciences. The entrepreneurial self-efficacy was evaluated through emotional intelligence, active coping and empathy. We observe significant results between entrepreneurial self-efficacy with coping strategies, with the empathic dimension and factors related to the construct of emotional intelligence. It can be said that entrepreneurial self-efficacy is directly related to the variables of coping and problem solving that indicates that in order to thrive in a business of its own, the subject must have the ability and ability to solve any type of problem that may arise. It is understood that the education of a correct emotional intelligence in the school as in the university would provide determinant personality factors to solve problems in the new company. Full article
Open AccessArticle
Descriptive study on the prevalence of Presbycusis among a population in the industrial belt of Barcelona by exploring a random sample of Primary Healthcare Center users
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2018, 8(2), 79-90; https://doi.org/10.30552/ejihpe.v8i2.246 (registering DOI)
Received: 11 April 2018 / Revised: 20 July 2018 / Accepted: 24 July 2018 / Published: 24 July 2018
Viewed by 65 | PDF Full-text (310 KB)
Abstract
Objective. To describe the state of hearing health in people over 64 years of age, autonomous, and residents of a town in the industrial belt of Barcelona, with an emphasis on data about the prevalence of Presbycusis. Participants. We started with a randomized [...] Read more.
Objective. To describe the state of hearing health in people over 64 years of age, autonomous, and residents of a town in the industrial belt of Barcelona, with an emphasis on data about the prevalence of Presbycusis. Participants. We started with a randomized sample of 139 people over 64 years of age, with no hearing problems diagnosed, resulting in 82 being the number of subjects being explored, with a mean age of 72.2 years. Method. We registered the most important sociodemographic data of the sample and their state of health. Subsequently, a hearing examination took place, and a neuropsychological test was performed using the MMSE. Results. It stands out that 54.87% (27 men and 18 women) of the people explored had hearing loss in both ears. Of this percentage, 32.92% corresponded to mild hearing loss and 21.95% to moderate hearing loss. A statistically significant relationship was observed between the presence of hearing problems and cognitive impairment; although this relationship was not very conclusive [(t=-2.33); p<.05]. Conclusion. Given the high prevalence of undiagnosed hearing loss in the elderly population and the importance of its early detection, the study reveals the need to promote hearing health measures and, specifically, to facilitate the detection of these problems in the Primary Healthcare Centres themselves. Full article
Open AccessArticle
Spanish version of the MIPS coach's pressure subscale: Psychometric properties
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2018, 8(2), 119-127; https://doi.org/10.30552/ejihpe.v8i2.250 (registering DOI)
Received: 12 January 2018 / Revised: 18 July 2018 / Accepted: 20 July 2018 / Published: 20 July 2018
Viewed by 63 | PDF Full-text (282 KB)
Abstract
The "pressure of the trainer" subscale of Multidimensional Inventory or Perfectionism in Sport, measures the tendency of athletes to perceive their coaches as sources of pressure to obtain a certain level of performance. The purpose of this study was to translate into Spanish [...] Read more.
The "pressure of the trainer" subscale of Multidimensional Inventory or Perfectionism in Sport, measures the tendency of athletes to perceive their coaches as sources of pressure to obtain a certain level of performance. The purpose of this study was to translate into Spanish spoken in Mexico eight items, and examine its psychometric properties (factorial validity, reliability, criterion validity). Participated 106 athletes of both sexes with a mean age of 12.5 years (SD=1.72). The results confirmed the unifactorial structure, where six of the eight items were valid for measuring the latent factor. The reliability of the subscale was adequate, and evidence was found from its relationship with other variables, since the coach's pressure was positively related to the fear of failure. In conclusion, this adaptation is valid and reliable after the elimination of two items, and can be used in research within the Mexican sports context. Full article
Open AccessArticle
Anxiety and happiness as opposite emotional states in childhood
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2018, 8(2), 65-77; https://doi.org/10.30552/ejihpe.v8i2.245 (registering DOI)
Received: 15 January 2018 / Revised: 20 May 2018 / Accepted: 13 July 2018 / Published: 13 July 2018
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 63 | PDF Full-text (402 KB)
Abstract
Emotions should not be ignored and it is fundamental in life to know how to react appropriately to them. This reality, becomes a very important weapon with which to face life successfully. For this reason, this work has as main objective to analyze [...] Read more.
Emotions should not be ignored and it is fundamental in life to know how to react appropriately to them. This reality, becomes a very important weapon with which to face life successfully. For this reason, this work has as main objective to analyze the types and levels of anxiety and happiness, according to age, gender, culture and socioeconomic and cultural, as well as the relationships that could be given between both variables. To make it possible we focused on 764 participants from seven educational centers; 74.2% of the total were Muslims and 25.8% belonged to the Christian religion, 53.2% were male and 46.8% female. The techniques used in this survey were the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (STAIC) as well Happiness questionnaire, built for its use. The results reflect low levels in anxiety and high in happiness. Both variables are influenced in a very different way by the sociodemographic factors of age, gender, culture and socioeconomic and cultural, conversely. We found statistically significant relationship between anxiety and happiness. This relationship was inversely proportional. So, it is possible to consider this variables opposite emotional states. Full article
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. EISSN 2254-9625 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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