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European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education is published by MDPI from Volume 10 Issue 1 (2020). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with University Association of Education and Psychology.

Table of Contents

Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ., Volume 8, Issue 3 (December 2018) , Pages 129-196

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Open AccessArticle
Measurement of early maladaptive schemas in heroin addicts treated with methadone in north of Morocco
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2018, 8(3), 185-196; https://doi.org/10.30552/ejihpe.v8i3.278 (registering DOI)
Received: 12 September 2018 / Revised: 10 November 2018 / Accepted: 13 November 2018 / Published: 13 November 2018
Viewed by 38 | PDF Full-text (402 KB)
Abstract
The Early Maladaptive Schema (EMS) are the cognitive structures and the set of processes guiding our behaviors by serving the filtering and the treatment of the information, these dysfunctional schemas have a close relationship with the additive behaviors. The aim of this work [...] Read more.
The Early Maladaptive Schema (EMS) are the cognitive structures and the set of processes guiding our behaviors by serving the filtering and the treatment of the information, these dysfunctional schemas have a close relationship with the additive behaviors. The aim of this work measuring EMS in heroin addicts undergoing methadone treatment as well as making a comparison between the activation of the schemas before and after treatment. The present study was carried out on 101 Moroccan patients in a medico-psychological center in Tangier with 85 men and 16 women (mean age was 35), having been diagnosed with opioid dependence described in the DSM-V. EMS were measured using Young's questionnaire short version with 13 schemas. The results showed difference between the activation of schemas in the pre- and post-treatment (difference=21, CI=11.07-10.63, p<0.001) with an activation of the schema Fear of losing control (M=166.86 (65.3%). In addition Unrelenting standards schema that is significant in men (i=1.97, p=0.048), against emotional deprivation and vulnerability with women (t=4.56, p≤0.001), for the correlation between age and EMS was low, except for the schema of losing control which is highly correlated with age (R=0.55, p≤0.001). Thus, the substance abuse and personality disorders are often coexisting, confirming in part the hypothesis put forward by Ball and Young, which postulates that individuals displaying criteria of substance abuse have an activation of inappropriate schemas of insufficient self-control or Entitlement/Grandiosity. Full article
Open AccessArticle
Sociocognitive model of life satisfaction in people with chronic disease
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2018, 8(3), 157-167; https://doi.org/10.30552/ejihpe.v8i3.275 (registering DOI)
Received: 10 September 2018 / Revised: 2 October 2018 / Accepted: 4 October 2018 / Published: 4 October 2018
Viewed by 103 | PDF Full-text (282 KB)
Abstract
Life satisfaction is an important indicator of subjective well-being in chronic patients. In this paper, the sociocognitive health model is used to analyze the psychosocial variables that influence life satisfaction. An explanatory model is proposed in which life satisfaction is determined by the [...] Read more.
Life satisfaction is an important indicator of subjective well-being in chronic patients. In this paper, the sociocognitive health model is used to analyze the psychosocial variables that influence life satisfaction. An explanatory model is proposed in which life satisfaction is determined by the stress experienced, the feeling of efficacy to face the difficulties derived from the disease and the perception of personal autonomy. A transversal design was developed with a sample of 64 people suffering from chronic diseases. The patients were contacted through health associations and a questionnaire was administered. It is found that stress and coping self-efficacy are direct and significant determinants of satisfaction. In this sense, participants who perceive themselves to be less stressed and more able to cope experience more satisfaction in life. Those who are more coping are those who feel less stress. Functional autonomy, lower in women than in men, indirectly conditions satisfaction, through stress and coping self-efficacy, so that the lower the perceived autonomy, the greater the perceived stress and the less the coping efficiency. The proposed model explains 35% of life satisfaction. The results reflect the need to train cognitive strategies to cope with the disease and to train the patient to have greater functional autonomy and less dependence on the social environment. Full article
Open AccessArticle
Detection of at-risk students with Learning Analytics Techniques
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2018, 8(3), 129-142; https://doi.org/10.30552/ejihpe.v8i3.273 (registering DOI)
Received: 25 August 2018 / Revised: 15 September 2018 / Accepted: 17 September 2018 / Published: 17 September 2018
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Abstract
The way of teaching and learning in twenty-first century society continues to change. At present, a high percentage of teaching takes place through Learning Management Systems that apply Learning Analytics Techniques. The use of these tools, among other things, facilitates knowledge of student [...] Read more.
The way of teaching and learning in twenty-first century society continues to change. At present, a high percentage of teaching takes place through Learning Management Systems that apply Learning Analytics Techniques. The use of these tools, among other things, facilitates knowledge of student learning patterns and the detection of at-risk students. The aim of this study is to establish the most effective learning patterns of the students on the platform in a hierarchical order of importance. It was conducted over two academic years with 122 students of Health Sciences. The instruments used were the Moodle v.3.1 platform and the analysis of logs with Machine Learning regression techniques. The results indicated that the Automatic Linear Prediction Model detected by order of importance: average visits per day, student self-assessment questionnaires, and teacher feedback. The percentage variance of the final results explained by these variables was 50.8%. Likewise, the effectiveness of the behavioral pattern explained 64.1% of the variance in those results, finding three clusters of effectiveness in the behavioral patterns that were detected. Full article
Open AccessArticle
Influence of family support in anger levels in athletes
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2018, 8(3), 169-183; https://doi.org/10.30552/ejihpe.v8i3.276 (registering DOI)
Received: 25 June 2018 / Revised: 3 September 2018 / Accepted: 6 September 2018 / Published: 6 September 2018
Viewed by 33 | PDF Full-text (312 KB)
Abstract
The main objective was to know the differences in anger levels in athletes and physical activity practitioners in function of family support. The sample consisted of 496 Spanish athletes and physical activity practitioners. To measure the different variables an ad hoc sociodemographic questionnaire, [...] Read more.
The main objective was to know the differences in anger levels in athletes and physical activity practitioners in function of family support. The sample consisted of 496 Spanish athletes and physical activity practitioners. To measure the different variables an ad hoc sociodemographic questionnaire, the Trait-State Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI-II) and the Oviedo Scale of Infrequency of Response (INF-OV), were used. The results showed lower levels of temperament in athletes and physical activity practitioners who perceived that their family supported them “without doubt”. On the other hand, there was no covariation of the type of physical-sporting practice, the sport success (local, national, regional, international) on family support and anger levels in athletes. On the other hand, when the level of competition (local, regional and international) was examined, no covariation was found neither. However, it was found covariation with the competition at the national level, finding differences in internal anger control, in favour of those who perceived support "without doubt" from their family. It was concluded that family support is shown as a protective variable of obtaining higher levels of anger in athletes and physical activity practitioners, which is influenced by those athletes who compete at the national level. Full article
Open AccessArticle
Scale of feelings and emotions in social networks and the internet (SERSI): reliability and validity
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2018, 8(3), 143-155; https://doi.org/10.30552/ejihpe.v8i3.274 (registering DOI)
Received: 7 July 2018 / Revised: 29 July 2018 / Accepted: 30 July 2018 / Published: 30 July 2018
Viewed by 35 | PDF Full-text (318 KB)
Abstract
The emotions shared in social networks and the Internet (RSI) have great resonance in those who publish and receive them, producing a response called Social Sharing Emotional. There is any evaluation instrument for the positive-negative emotional construct and its relationship with the use [...] Read more.
The emotions shared in social networks and the Internet (RSI) have great resonance in those who publish and receive them, producing a response called Social Sharing Emotional. There is any evaluation instrument for the positive-negative emotional construct and its relationship with the use of social networks and the internet. Objectives: (1) design a scale-screening on positive and negative feelings and emotions, and apply it to a representative sample of the students; and (2) analyze the psychometric properties of this scale. We worked with 2842 participants of 12-21, 1763 (62.7%) of 12-16 and 1379 boys (48.5%) randomly selected from the educational centers of the Basque Country. A set of psychometric tests were used for the analysis of convergent-divergent validity. The scale consists of eight items with two dimensions, one positive and one negative. Results: The severe prevalence in the positive and negative feelings goes throw 46.5%-67.9% and 23.4%-87.4% respectively. The reliability was α=.79 for positive emotions and α=.63 for negative, with test-retest scores of the items between r=.78 and r=.88. The analysis of Pearson´s correlations analysis with the variables studied demonstrates the convergent-divergent validity of the scale. The scale discriminates what kind of emotions cause greater risk of using RSI. It is a scale with rigorous psychometric properties. Full article
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. EISSN 2254-9625 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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