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Healthcare, Volume 12, Issue 8 (April-2 2024) – 59 articles

Cover Story (view full-size image): Lung cancer, a prevalent global concern, profoundly affects individuals and their families. Caregivers play a pivotal role in supporting patients through the challenges of this disease, facing their own emotional and practical hurdles along the way. Understanding caregivers’ experiences in lung cancer care is crucial for improving their well-being and the quality of patient care. This study aims to synthesize qualitative data on caregiver experiences in lung cancer care to provide insights into their challenges and needs. View this paper
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7 pages, 435 KiB  
Case Report
The 8:1:1 Supplementation of Branched-Chain Amino Acids in High-Intensity Training: A Case Study of the Protective Effect on Rhabdomyolysis
by Angel Vicario-Merino, Marcos A. Soriano, Ester Jiménez-Ormeño, Carlos Ruiz-Moreno, Cesar Gallo-Salazar and Francisco Areces-Corcuera
Healthcare 2024, 12(8), 866; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12080866 - 22 Apr 2024
Viewed by 742
Abstract
Introduction: The increasing prevalence of high-intensity sports activities, notably the burgeoning popularity of CrossFit, underscores the contemporary significance of such physical pursuits. The discernible protective impact of branched-chain amino acids on muscle fatigue and injuries is emerging as a noteworthy area of investigation. [...] Read more.
Introduction: The increasing prevalence of high-intensity sports activities, notably the burgeoning popularity of CrossFit, underscores the contemporary significance of such physical pursuits. The discernible protective impact of branched-chain amino acids on muscle fatigue and injuries is emerging as a noteworthy area of investigation. Within the realm of sports, integrating BCAA supplementation into dietary practices holds promise for aiding athletes in their recovery, particularly in mitigating Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness. Methodology: This study adopted an experimental pilot design with repeated measures, employing a controlled and randomized approach through double-blind procedures. The participant engaged in high-intensity activity, specifically the CrossFit Karen® test, which entailed executing 150 wall ball throws (9 kg) to a height of 3 m. The trial incorporated three randomized supplementation conditions: BCAAs in an 8:1:1 ratio or a 2:1:1 ratio or a placebo condition. The participant consumed 15 g daily for 7 days, commencing 72 h prior to the initial blood sample and the first Karen® test. Results: In this study, BCAA supplementation at an 8:1:1 ratio demonstrated a discernible protective effect against muscular damage, as evidenced by creatine kinase values and ratings of perceived exertion. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Supplementation for Human Performance)
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14 pages, 902 KiB  
Article
Social Media Campaigns: A Game Changer for the Prevention of Breast Cancer in Romania
by Raluca Dania Todor, Gabriel Brătucu, Adina Nicoleta Candrea, Christian Gabriel Strempel and Costin Vlad Anastasiu
Healthcare 2024, 12(8), 865; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12080865 - 22 Apr 2024
Viewed by 707
Abstract
Social media can be used to raise awareness about health issues, especially concerning the importance of periodical screening. The present study aims to identify the role of social media awareness campaigns in the early detection of breast cancer, with a focus on Romania, [...] Read more.
Social media can be used to raise awareness about health issues, especially concerning the importance of periodical screening. The present study aims to identify the role of social media awareness campaigns in the early detection of breast cancer, with a focus on Romania, a country with a high female mortality due to this disease. The research is performed using a survey, based on an online questionnaire, which was self-administered by the respondents included in two samples selected from a Facebook community of Romanian women. Sample A was composed of 1945 women who were not exposed to periodic campaigns regarding the importance of screening for the prevention and early detection of this type of disease, and Sample B was composed of 289 women who were exposed to such annual campaigns within the last 5 years. The results outline several differences among respondents from the two samples regarding their awareness of prevention necessity, as well as the frequency and chosen methods for breast cancer screening. The findings hold important implications for public authorities, which must intensify their efforts in raising women’s awareness regarding the importance of screening for the early detection and prevention of breast cancer. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Breast Cancer Prevention in Healthcare: A Comprehensive Overview)
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11 pages, 466 KiB  
Article
Perinatal Outcomes and Level of Labour Difficulty in Deliveries with Right and Left Foetal Position—A Preliminary Study
by Magdalena Witkiewicz, Barbara Baranowska, Maria Węgrzynowska, Iwona Kiersnowska, Katarzyna Karzel, Grażyna Bączek, Dorota Sys, Anna Scholz, Susan Crowther, Justyna Teliga-Czajkowska and Urszula Tataj-Puzyna
Healthcare 2024, 12(8), 864; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12080864 - 22 Apr 2024
Viewed by 626
Abstract
Background: Many studies have shown the negative influence of the foetus’s occiput posterior position during birth on the final perinatal outcome. This study aims to add to the discussion on the impact of foetus positioning on the course of labour and subjective assessment [...] Read more.
Background: Many studies have shown the negative influence of the foetus’s occiput posterior position during birth on the final perinatal outcome. This study aims to add to the discussion on the impact of foetus positioning on the course of labour and subjective assessment of the level of labour difficulty. Methods: The cross-sectional study took place from February 2020 to September 2021, and consisted of filling out observation forms and the assessment by the midwives and women of the level of labour difficulty. This study is based on the observation of 152 labours in low-risk women. Findings: When compared to left foetal positioning, labours in which the foetus was in the right position were longer and more frequently failed to progress (in 11.3% vs. 37.5%), and epidural was more frequently administrated (in 30.4% vs. 52.7%). Both women and midwives subjectively evaluated deliveries with a foetus in the right position as more difficult. Conclusions: The right positioning of the foetus was related to greater labour difficulty and worse perinatal outcomes. The position of the foetus’ head in relation to the pelvis should be considered as an indicator of the difficulty of labour and a support plan for the woman should be offered accordingly. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Midwifery Care: Improvement of Maternal and Newborn Health)
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15 pages, 318 KiB  
Article
Downside of Helping Professions: A Comparative Study of Health Indicators and Health Behaviour among Nurses and Early Childhood Educators
by Melinda Csima, Judit Podráczky, Szabolcs Cseh, Dávid Sipos, Sára Garai and Judit Fináncz
Healthcare 2024, 12(8), 863; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12080863 - 20 Apr 2024
Viewed by 716
Abstract
The activities of health care workers and early childhood educators have received increased attention both in lay public discourse and in scientific discourse. These professional groups play a significant role in shaping the health behaviours of those they interact with; thus, understanding the [...] Read more.
The activities of health care workers and early childhood educators have received increased attention both in lay public discourse and in scientific discourse. These professional groups play a significant role in shaping the health behaviours of those they interact with; thus, understanding the patterns they convey is of paramount importance. The aim of our study is a comparative analysis of health conditions and health behaviours of professionals working in Hungarian early childhood education and nurses working in the healthcare system (n = 1591). We carried out our quantitative, cross-sectional research using convenience sampling among healthcare professionals working in nursing job positions (n = 581) and as early childhood educators (n = 1010), in south-west Hungary. Diagnosed chronic illnesses affect early childhood educators at a significantly higher rate (p < 0.05): the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders is particularly high among them, as a result of which they reported a significant degree of physical limitation in relation to work. In the context of mental health, comparing the professional groups, nurses’ indicators were significantly (p < 0.001) more unfavourable in all examined dimensions. Moreover, the comparison in terms of educational attainment directed attention to the worse indicators of non-graduates. In this context, early childhood educators are less affected by all three dimensions of burnout (p < 0.001). As for health behaviour, the smoking habits of nurses are more unfavourable (p < 0.05). Regarding screening tests, participation in cytological testing was significantly higher among nurses, whereas early childhood educators showed increased participation in mammography (p < 0.001). Our findings draw attention to the fact that early childhood educators are primarily affected by chronic musculoskeletal disorders, while healthcare workers are more affected by problems related to mental health. Mental well-being can be further endangered by the fact that both professional groups perceive low social appreciation for the work they carry out. Full article
19 pages, 1831 KiB  
Article
Validation of the Health Index in the Postoperative Period: Use of the Nursing Outcome Classification to Determine the Health Level
by Sara Herrero Jaén, Alexandra González Aguña, Marta Fernández Batalla, Blanca Gonzalo de Diego, Andrea Sierra Ortega, María del Mar Rocha Martínez, Roberto Barchino Plata, María Lourdes Jiménez Rodríguez and José María Santamaría García
Healthcare 2024, 12(8), 862; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12080862 - 20 Apr 2024
Viewed by 599
Abstract
Background: The postoperative period is the recovery time after surgery and is defined as an individual process whose purpose is to return the person to the state of normality and integrity that they had prior to surgery. Aim: Demonstrate the modification of the [...] Read more.
Background: The postoperative period is the recovery time after surgery and is defined as an individual process whose purpose is to return the person to the state of normality and integrity that they had prior to surgery. Aim: Demonstrate the modification of the level of health of people in the early postoperative period through the development and validation of the Health Index Instrument, which is built from the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) standardized language. Design: The design used a mixed method, which involved a first phase of instrument development and a second phase of instrument validation. Methods: The methods was based on focus group techniques with text analysis techniques, internal validation with a group of care language experts, external validation with a group of clinical nursing experts and a clinical validation with quantitative and qualitative analysis. A panel of experts in Language of Care evaluated the (NOC) labels and their correlation with the 11 Health Variables to construct the instrument. The instrument developed was subjected to external validation with a panel of clinical nurse experts in post-anesthesia care. The clinical validation included a cross-sectional descriptive study in a postoperative unit. The final sample of the cross-sectional descriptive study was 139 cases. Results: Of the 89 NOCs proposed in the preliminary construction phase of the instrument, 36 passed through the first round. Of those 36 NOCs, 25 passed through to the second round with a review performance and 11 directly as approved. The total number of approved NOCs were 4. The results of the research show that there are changes in the global score of the health level and in each health variable. It is observed that there was a significant increase in the scores of the health variables at admission and discharge (p < 0.001). Conclusions: The results of the data analysis show that six groups present a similar pattern of evolution of the health variables. A correlation was found between the time of stay in the unit with the scores obtained in the health variables, the physical functioning, comfort status and the presence of symptoms being particularly significant. Full article
(This article belongs to the Section Perioperative Care)
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17 pages, 873 KiB  
Article
A Phenomenological Inquiry of the Shift to Virtual Care Delivery: Insights from Front-Line Primary Care Providers
by Gayle Halas, Alanna Baldwin, Lisa LaBine, Kerri MacKay, Alexander Singer and Alan Katz
Healthcare 2024, 12(8), 861; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12080861 - 20 Apr 2024
Viewed by 693
Abstract
The rapid deployment of virtual primary care visits served as a first-line response to COVID-19 and can now be examined for insights, particularly as virtual care is playing an ongoing role in patient care and consultations. Input from primary care providers directly responsible [...] Read more.
The rapid deployment of virtual primary care visits served as a first-line response to COVID-19 and can now be examined for insights, particularly as virtual care is playing an ongoing role in patient care and consultations. Input from primary care providers directly responsible for virtual care delivery is needed to inform policies and strategies for quality care and interactions. The overarching goal of this research study was to examine the use of virtual care as a mechanism for primary healthcare delivery. A phenomenological approach investigated the shift in primary care service delivery as experienced by primary care providers and initiated during the COVID-19 pandemic. Focus groups were conducted with primary care providers (n = 21) recruited through email, advertisements, and professional organizations, exploring how virtual care was delivered, the benefits and challenges, workflow considerations, and recommendations for future use. Integrating virtual care was performed with a great deal of autonomy as well as responsibility, and overwhelmingly depended on the telephone. Technology, communication, and workflow flexibility are three key operational aspects of virtual care and its delivery. Providers highlighted cross-cutting themes related to the dynamics of virtual care including balancing risk for quality care, physician work/life balance, efficiency, and patient benefits. Primary care providers felt that virtual care options allowed increased flexibility to attend to the needs of patients and manage their practice workload, and a few scenarios were shared for when virtual care might be best suited. However, they also recognized the need to balance in-person and virtual visits, which may require guidelines that support navigating various levels of care. Overall, virtual care was considered a good addition to the whole ‘care package’ but continued development and refinement is an expectation for optimizing and sustaining future use. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Primary Health Care: Challenges and Recommendations during a Pandemic)
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21 pages, 2635 KiB  
Article
Medicine Non-Adherence: A New Viewpoint on Adherence Arising from Research Focused on Sub-Saharan Africa
by Peter Michael Ward
Healthcare 2024, 12(8), 860; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12080860 - 19 Apr 2024
Viewed by 917
Abstract
Adherence is vital for medicine to have an effect, yet adherence is considered to be low, with approximately half of the patients not fully adherent. However, research into adherence tends to focus on quantitative analysis of performance, which fails to perceive how people [...] Read more.
Adherence is vital for medicine to have an effect, yet adherence is considered to be low, with approximately half of the patients not fully adherent. However, research into adherence tends to focus on quantitative analysis of performance, which fails to perceive how people are adherent in their many different environments. As a contribution to gaining a deeper understanding, interviews were held with thirty individuals in the UK, Egypt, Kazakhstan, and six countries in sub-Saharan Africa to understand their perceptions on adherence to a range of drugs, and these were compared with an existing well-regarded list. New or undocumented reasons for non-adherence were discovered. Reasons for non-adherence were consistent across both developing and developed worlds. A new viewpoint on adherence is suggested, which considers adherence to be a single act and therefore as an individual opportunity to be adherent, permitting greater focus on the enablers and inhibitors of adherence at any given point in time. Full article
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10 pages, 735 KiB  
Review
Environmental Risk Assessment in Community Care: A Scoping Review
by Maryam Rouhi, Tanya Linden, Douglass Doherty and Sarah J. Prior
Healthcare 2024, 12(8), 859; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12080859 - 19 Apr 2024
Viewed by 690
Abstract
Community care encompasses inherent risks for both clients and healthcare providers. Maintaining a safe environment for the delivery of care services ensures that any risk of unintentional or intentional personal harm is minimised. The aim of this scoping review is to (a) provide [...] Read more.
Community care encompasses inherent risks for both clients and healthcare providers. Maintaining a safe environment for the delivery of care services ensures that any risk of unintentional or intentional personal harm is minimised. The aim of this scoping review is to (a) provide an overview of existing knowledge by summarising the current literature and (b) identify gaps pertaining to understanding and managing environmental risk in community care settings. Guided by the Population/Concept/Context approach and PRISMA guidelines, this paper used two questions to answer how a score-based tool for assessing client suitability in community care is developed and how an environmental screening tool assists with reducing risk to community care workers. Literature searches of CINAHL, PubMed (Medline), Web of Science and PsychINFO databases were conducted between September 2023 and November 2023. We included full text articles published from 2018 to 2023. The following four broad areas were identified as key components in the structure of an environmental screening tool: environmental factors, health factors, socioeconomic factors and cultural factors. The results of this review provide valuable information which can be utilised by care organisations to develop and/or refine tools to ensure the safety and wellbeing of workers within the community care sector. Full article
(This article belongs to the Section Community Care)
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14 pages, 594 KiB  
Review
Anesthetic Considerations for Patients with Hereditary Neuropathy with Liability to Pressure Palsies: A Narrative Review
by Krzysztof Laudanski, Omar Elmadhoun, Amal Mathew, Yul Kahn-Pascual, Mitchell J. Kerfeld, James Chen, Daniella C. Sisniega and Francisco Gomez
Healthcare 2024, 12(8), 858; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12080858 - 19 Apr 2024
Viewed by 786
Abstract
Hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP) is an autosomal dominant demyelinating neuropathy characterized by an increased susceptibility to peripheral nerve injury from trauma, compression, or shear forces. Patients with this condition are unique, necessitating distinct considerations for anesthesia and surgical teams. [...] Read more.
Hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP) is an autosomal dominant demyelinating neuropathy characterized by an increased susceptibility to peripheral nerve injury from trauma, compression, or shear forces. Patients with this condition are unique, necessitating distinct considerations for anesthesia and surgical teams. This review describes the etiology, prevalence, clinical presentation, and management of HNPP and presents contemporary evidence and recommendations for optimal care for HNPP patients in the perioperative period. While the incidence of HNPP is reported at 7–16:100,000, this figure may be an underestimation due to underdiagnosis, further complicating medicolegal issues. With the subtle nature of symptoms associated with HNPP, patients with this condition may remain unrecognized during the perioperative period, posing significant risks. Several aspects of caring for this population, including anesthetic choices, intraoperative positioning, and monitoring strategy, may deviate from standard practices. As such, a tailored approach to caring for this unique population, coupled with meticulous preoperative planning, is crucial and requires a multidisciplinary approach. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine)
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12 pages, 272 KiB  
Article
Why Should Diabetic Women Be Active?—The Role of Personality, Self-Esteem, Body-Esteem, and Imagery
by Dagmara Budnik-Przybylska, Malwina Fituch and Aleksandra Kowalewska
Healthcare 2024, 12(8), 857; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12080857 - 18 Apr 2024
Viewed by 655
Abstract
Diabetes is one of the fastest spreading diseases in the 21st century. The aim of the study is twofold: (1) to find differences in personality traits, self-esteem, body-esteem, and imagery between healthy women and women with diabetes; (2) to verify whether there are [...] Read more.
Diabetes is one of the fastest spreading diseases in the 21st century. The aim of the study is twofold: (1) to find differences in personality traits, self-esteem, body-esteem, and imagery between healthy women and women with diabetes; (2) to verify whether there are differences in the analyzed factors among women with diabetes who engage in sports compared to those who do not. We used 3 questionnaires: Imagination in Sport—short form, Self-Esteem Scale (SES), and BFIS Personality, which were tested online. We found that women with diabetes were characterized by significantly higher neuroticism, lower extraversion, and higher conscientiousness (marginally significant). We also found that women with diabetes who practice sport rated their bodies more highly in terms of sexual attractiveness and made better use of imagined affirmations than women without diabetes who were not active. Our study provides new insights into diabetics in terms of women navigating the disease. Full article
8 pages, 936 KiB  
Case Report
The First Use of a Midline Catheter in Outpatient Pain Management
by Kinga Olczyk-Miiller, Maciej Latos, Dariusz Kosson, Marcin Kołacz and Robert Hadzik
Healthcare 2024, 12(8), 856; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12080856 - 18 Apr 2024
Viewed by 663
Abstract
Midline catheters (MCs) are used to deliver intravenous therapy lasting over 5 days to patients in hospitals. However, the constant development of home and outpatient care is challenging medical teams to provide effective and safe planned therapy to patients under such conditions. We [...] Read more.
Midline catheters (MCs) are used to deliver intravenous therapy lasting over 5 days to patients in hospitals. However, the constant development of home and outpatient care is challenging medical teams to provide effective and safe planned therapy to patients under such conditions. We describe the first time an MC was used in outpatient pain management in Poland. A 60-year-old man presented to the Pain Management Clinic with a history of RCC of the left kidney and lumbar back pain radiating to the left knee joint. The person whose case is described below had poor peripheral veins. He intravenously received lidocaine for 10 days via a midline catheter with a good response. Full article
(This article belongs to the Section Pain Management)
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11 pages, 792 KiB  
Article
Changes in the Average Body Mass Index of Fifth- and Sixth-Grade Korean Elementary School Students: The Role of Physical Education in Student Health
by Byung-Kweon Chang, Se-Won Park, Young-Sik Kim and Seung-Man Lee
Healthcare 2024, 12(8), 855; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12080855 - 18 Apr 2024
Viewed by 580
Abstract
This study aimed to emphasize the importance of physical education in maintaining sufficient physical activity by examining the average BMI of fifth- and sixth-grade elementary school students in Korea over multiple years. This study investigated changes in the average BMI of fifth- and [...] Read more.
This study aimed to emphasize the importance of physical education in maintaining sufficient physical activity by examining the average BMI of fifth- and sixth-grade elementary school students in Korea over multiple years. This study investigated changes in the average BMI of fifth- and sixth-grade elementary school students in Korea. It provided foundational data to suggest the role of physical education in student health and set future directions. The 2019–2021 Physical Activity Promotion System (PAPS) of the Korean Ministry of Education was used. Data corresponding to fifth- and sixth-grade students (124,693 from 2019, 126,226 from 2020, and 117,809 from 2021) in 1208 elementary schools in Korea were collected. Repeated measures ANOVA was conducted for the data analysis. The study findings are as follows: First, the average BMI of fifth- and sixth-grade elementary school students in Korea increased significantly in 2021 compared with 2019 and 2020. Second, changes in the yearly average BMI showed a significant difference depending on gender and grade. Obesity among fifth- and sixth-grade elementary school students in Korea increased steadily during 2019–2021, which may be due to a decrease in students’ physical activity. Male students showed a steeper increase regardless of grade. During the study period, limited physical activity at school increased obesity rates. Physical education must play a role in students’ health in preparation for future changes. Full article
(This article belongs to the Section School Health)
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16 pages, 261 KiB  
Article
A Mixed-Method Study on the Assessment of Factors Influencing Nurses’ Provision of Spiritual Care
by Evangelos C. Fradelos, Victoria Alikari, Sofia Artemi, Evdokia Missouridou, Polyxeni Mangoulia, Maria Kyranou, Maria Saridi, Aikaterini Toska, Konstantinos Tsaras and Foteini Tzavella
Healthcare 2024, 12(8), 854; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12080854 - 18 Apr 2024
Viewed by 598
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to explore factors that influence nurses’ beliefs about offering spiritual care. Study Design: A mixed-method study design, incorporating both quantitative (questionnaire) and qualitative research, was used for this study (focus group discussion). Methods: The questionnaires were completed [...] Read more.
The purpose of this study was to explore factors that influence nurses’ beliefs about offering spiritual care. Study Design: A mixed-method study design, incorporating both quantitative (questionnaire) and qualitative research, was used for this study (focus group discussion). Methods: The questionnaires were completed by a convenience sample of nurses and their assistants working in two public hospitals. These questionnaires included the Greek versions of the FACIT-Sp-12, SCIPS, NEO-FFI, and the Spiritual Climate Scale, as well as a specially designed questionnaire to gather demographic, socioeconomic, and professional information about the study population (SCS). Three nurses and two nursing assistants who worked in public hospitals and were chosen through purposive sampling made up the sample for the qualitative study. In utilizing inductive content analysis methodology, a qualitative analysis was carried out. Results: Greek nurses frequently offer spiritual care to their patients, primarily existential spiritual care. It was discovered that the spiritual climate, the nurses’ positive coherence, and their educational level all exert a favorable effect on total spiritual care. Three categories and seven subcategories were used to describe the participants’ prior experiences with spiritual care. Conclusions: Greek nurses frequently offer spiritual care to their patients, and both internal and external factors influence their attitudes in this regard. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emotional Stress of Healthcare Professionals in Work)
24 pages, 395 KiB  
Article
Lumbar Paravertebral Muscle Pain Management Using Kinesitherapy and Electrotherapeutic Modalities
by Sînziana Călina Silişteanu, Elisabeta Antonescu, Lavinia Duică, Maria Totan, Andrei Ionuţ Cucu and Andrei Ioan Costea
Healthcare 2024, 12(8), 853; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12080853 - 18 Apr 2024
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 747
Abstract
Background: Low back pain is considered a public health problem internationally. Low back pain is a cause of disability that occurs in adolescents and causes negative effects in adults as well. The work environment and physical and psychosocial factors can influence the occurrence [...] Read more.
Background: Low back pain is considered a public health problem internationally. Low back pain is a cause of disability that occurs in adolescents and causes negative effects in adults as well. The work environment and physical and psychosocial factors can influence the occurrence and evolution of low back pain. Methods: The purpose of this paper is to highlight the physiological and functional changes in young adults with painful conditions of the lumbar spine, after using exercise therapy. The study was of the longitudinal type and was carried out over a period 6 months in an outpatient setting. The rehabilitation treatment included electrotherapeutic modalities and kinesitherapy. Results: The results obtained when evaluating each parameter, for all moments, show statistically significant values in both groups. The results obtained regarding the relationship between the therapeutic modalities specific to rehabilitation medicine and low back pain are consistent with those reported in studies. Conclusions: Depending on the clinical-functional status of each patient, kinesitherapy can accelerate the heart rate and increase the blood pressure and oxygen saturation of the arterial blood, values that can later return to their initial levels, especially through training. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The 10th Anniversary of Healthcare—Pain Management)
17 pages, 247 KiB  
Article
Australian Hospital Experiences of People Living with Deafblindness or Dual Sensory Impairment: The Report Card
by Annmaree Watharow
Healthcare 2024, 12(8), 852; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12080852 - 17 Apr 2024
Viewed by 671
Abstract
Gaps abound in the literature about what happens when people living with deafblindness or dual sensory impairment (DBDSI) go to the hospital. Anecdotally, from my lived experiences and professional work, as well as from within communities, stories are told about how hazardous it [...] Read more.
Gaps abound in the literature about what happens when people living with deafblindness or dual sensory impairment (DBDSI) go to the hospital. Anecdotally, from my lived experiences and professional work, as well as from within communities, stories are told about how hazardous it is to be a patient in an Australian hospital for those living with DBDSI. This paper outlines a quantitative component of a mixed-methods study examining the intricacies of these experiences. The research objective was to discover what hospital interactions looked like for patients living with DBDSI. A constrained question set was used, namely, the Australian hospital experience question set (AHPEQS 2017). It asked patients about key factors in their hospital interactions. The results form a distressing snapshot of care and communication interactions. Experiences of flouting protective conventions, dehumanisation, neglect, discrimination, disparate care, inaccessible consent forms, and a lack of communication predominate. The participants reported experiences from multiple different hospitals, so these findings suggest a broad culture of failing to provide patient-centred care and accessible-to-the-patient communication. The findings showcase the urgency for more research and remedial actions to be undertaken by both professionals and institutions. Full article
12 pages, 229 KiB  
Article
When the Relationship Is at Stake: Parents’ Perception of the Relationship with a Child with Problematic Gaming and Their Perceived Need for Support
by Marie Werner, Sabina Kapetanovic, Maiken Nielsen, Sevtap Gurdal, Mitchell J. Andersson, Alexandru Panican and Emma Claesdotter-Knutsson
Healthcare 2024, 12(8), 851; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12080851 - 17 Apr 2024
Viewed by 823
Abstract
Intrapersonal parental factors play a significant role in the development of problematic gaming in children. However, few studies have explored parental perspectives on their relationship with a child engaged in problematic gaming, as well as the need for support parents perceive in relation [...] Read more.
Intrapersonal parental factors play a significant role in the development of problematic gaming in children. However, few studies have explored parental perspectives on their relationship with a child engaged in problematic gaming, as well as the need for support parents perceive in relation to the child’s gaming. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 12 parents (83.3% women) of 11 children (81.8% boys, Mage = 15 ± 2) to examine how parents of children with problematic gaming behavior perceive the parent–child relationship and their need for additional support. We analyzed qualitative accounts using thematic analysis to identify themes and subthemes while drawing on the theoretical frameworks of Aaron Antonovsky’s theory of sense of coherence (SOC) and Jürgen Habermas’ theory of logic. Participants described difficulties regarding all three components of SOC (meaningfulness, comprehensibility, and manageability) in relation to their child’s gaming, with the most significant challenge being manageability. Parents primarily sought assistance from institutions and organizations, such as mental health services, to enhance manageability. The findings emphasize parents’ need for relational and practical support tailored to their unique context, as well as their wish to be more involved in the treatment of their children. Full article
12 pages, 702 KiB  
Article
Effects of Neuropilates on Functional Outcomes in Chronic Stroke: A Randomized Clinical Trial
by Cristina García-Bravo, Laura Delgado-Lobete, Rebeca Montes-Montes, Mª Pilar Rodríguez-Pérez, Nuria Trugeda-Pedrajo, Gemma Fernández-Gómez and Sara García-Bravo
Healthcare 2024, 12(8), 850; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12080850 - 17 Apr 2024
Viewed by 751
Abstract
Neuropilates is an intervention approach that was developed as a modified version of the Pilates Method to be used for neurological rehabilitation. The main objective of this study was to analyze the effectiveness of regular physiotherapy and occupational therapy rehabilitation in comparison to [...] Read more.
Neuropilates is an intervention approach that was developed as a modified version of the Pilates Method to be used for neurological rehabilitation. The main objective of this study was to analyze the effectiveness of regular physiotherapy and occupational therapy rehabilitation in comparison to a combination of traditional rehabilitation with Neuropilates in adults with post-stroke motor disabilities. This was a rater- and analyst-blinded randomized clinical trial with a three-month intervention and a one-month follow up. Participants were randomly allocated to either the experimental group (EG, receiving a combination of conventional therapy and Neuropilates; n = 15) or the control group (CG, receiving solely conventional therapy; n = 15). Once adjusted for baseline FIM scores, the results showed significant differences favoring the EG in daily functioning (FIM), static balance (FRT), right-hand manual dexterity (NHPT) and right-upper limb coordination (BBT). Satisfaction with the received treatment as measured with the CSQ-8 was significantly higher for the EG. In conclusion, the incorporation of Neuropilates, facilitated by a single experienced therapist, can be a valuable complement to conventional physical and occupational therapy. However, Neuropilates-based interventions should be supervised and tailored to each individual by a professional specifically trained in the method. Full article
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14 pages, 236 KiB  
Article
Factors Influencing Willingness to Undergo Lung Cancer Screening in the Future: A Cross-Sectional Study of Japanese University Students
by Yukihiro Mori, Manato Seguchi, Yoko Iio, Yuka Aoyama, Mamoru Tanaka, Hana Kozai and Morihiro Ito
Healthcare 2024, 12(8), 849; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12080849 - 17 Apr 2024
Viewed by 657
Abstract
Lung cancer (LC) is currently the leading cause of cancer deaths in Japan. Early detection through lung cancer screening (LCS) is important for reducing mortality. Therefore, exploring the factors affecting willingness to undergo LCS, particularly among young people, is important. This study aimed [...] Read more.
Lung cancer (LC) is currently the leading cause of cancer deaths in Japan. Early detection through lung cancer screening (LCS) is important for reducing mortality. Therefore, exploring the factors affecting willingness to undergo LCS, particularly among young people, is important. This study aimed to elucidate the inclination toward LCS and its determining factors among Japanese university students. This cross-sectional study, involving 10,969 Japanese university students, was conducted in April 2023. A Pearson’s chi-square test and a binomial logistic regression analysis were used to analyze factors related to the dependent variable, willingness to undergo LCS in the future. Out of the 6779 participants (61.8%) involved in this study, 6504 (95.9%) provided valid responses, and 4609 (70.9%) expressed a willingness to undergo LCS in the future. Analysis revealed current smoking as a barrier to future willingness to undergo LCS. Other barriers included postponing the age of screening, anxiety about the screening content, and concerns about the possibility of having cancer after screening. Addressing barriers, such as current smoking and anxiety about screening, that prevent young people from undergoing LCS in the future is crucial. Therefore, universities should provide opportunities to educate students about LCS and explore various educational methods. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Preventive Medicine and Community Health)
15 pages, 651 KiB  
Article
Impact of a Discontinuous Training Program on Sedentary Behavior in Italian Type 2 Diabetes Older Patients: The Results of the TRIPL-A Randomized Controlled Trial
by Anna Rita Bonfigli, Cristina Gagliardi, Olga Protic, Adrianapia Maria Lamedica, Maria Paola Luconi, Federica Turchi, Elena Tortato, Mirko Di Rosa, Francesco Lucertini and Liana Spazzafumo
Healthcare 2024, 12(8), 848; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12080848 - 17 Apr 2024
Viewed by 623
Abstract
Background: Physical activity is an important predictor of quality of life in older adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Unfortunately, most T2D adults adopt a sedentary lifestyle. The randomized, controlled TRIPL-A trial aims to verify the effect of a personalized, discontinuous exercise [...] Read more.
Background: Physical activity is an important predictor of quality of life in older adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Unfortunately, most T2D adults adopt a sedentary lifestyle. The randomized, controlled TRIPL-A trial aims to verify the effect of a personalized, discontinuous exercise program on a sedentary lifestyle of T2D older adults. Methods: A total of 305 T2D patients (mean age ± SD: 68.8 ± 3.3 years) were divided into a control arm receiving only behavioral counseling and an intervention arm of an 18-month supervised discontinuous exercise program (ERS). The primary outcomes were the changes in sitting time (ST) and metabolic equivalent (MET) values, both evaluated by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire short form. A repeated measures ANOVA with Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons was used to compare study outcomes. Results: The ST and MET differed significantly during the study compared to the control group (p = 0.028 and p = 0.004, respectively). In the intervention group, a decrease from baseline in ST at 6 months (p = 0.01) and an increase in MET values at 6 months (p = 0.01) up to 12 months (p < 0.01) were found. No significant differences were found for the other variables. Conclusions: Beneficial lifestyle changes were found within the first year of intervention. These results align with the theory of change. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effects of Physical Activities on People with Diabetes)
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13 pages, 269 KiB  
Article
Compassion Satisfaction, Burnout, and Secondary Traumatic Stress among Saudi Nurses at Medical City: A Cross-Sectional Study
by Ahmad Rayani, Jean Hannan, Salman Alreshidi, Ahmad Aboshaiqah, Abdulaziz Alodhailah and Essa Hakamy
Healthcare 2024, 12(8), 847; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12080847 - 17 Apr 2024
Viewed by 874
Abstract
Compassion satisfaction, the pleasure gained from assisting others in their recovery from trauma, can help reduce the effects of burnout and secondary traumatic stress. As such, nurses’ job satisfaction can be increased by increasing compassion satisfaction and decreasing compassion fatigue. This study examined [...] Read more.
Compassion satisfaction, the pleasure gained from assisting others in their recovery from trauma, can help reduce the effects of burnout and secondary traumatic stress. As such, nurses’ job satisfaction can be increased by increasing compassion satisfaction and decreasing compassion fatigue. This study examined the incidence of compassion fatigue and other influencing variables, such as compassion satisfaction, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress, among Saudi nurses. This was a cross-sectional study using convenience sampling. Participants comprised 177 registered nurses from various nursing departments. Data collection included the Professional Quality of Life Scale based on lifestyle, demographic details, and occupation-related questions. The averages of scores for the variables, compassion satisfaction, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress, were recorded (37.1 ± 7.4, 25.7 ± 7.5, and 26.7 ± 6.4). Participants aged 36 or older comprised a negative factor for compassion satisfaction, while years of nursing experience and higher job satisfaction were favorable predictors. Together, these three variables accounted for 30.3% of the overall variation. Low job satisfaction and poor sleep negatively affected burnout, accounting for 39.8% of the total variance. The results offer insights into identifying the risks of compassion fatigue in nurses and help design strategies to address burnout and secondary traumatic stress while enhancing their compassion satisfaction levels. Full article
12 pages, 392 KiB  
Article
Racial Disparities in Selected Complications and Comorbidities among People with Type 2 Diabetes
by Caitlin M. Hackl, Wei-Chen Lee, Hanaa S. Sallam, Hani Jneid, Kendall M. Campbell and Hani Serag
Healthcare 2024, 12(8), 846; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12080846 - 17 Apr 2024
Viewed by 912
Abstract
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a growing public health concern, disproportionately impacting racial and ethnic minorities. Assessing disparities is the first step towards achieving the translation goal to reduce disparities in diabetes outcomes, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)’s [...] Read more.
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a growing public health concern, disproportionately impacting racial and ethnic minorities. Assessing disparities is the first step towards achieving the translation goal to reduce disparities in diabetes outcomes, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)’s Division of Diabetes. We analyzed the data of patients (18+ years) diagnosed with T2D between 1 January 2012 and 31 March 2017, using the electronic health records of the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston. We compared the crude rate and age-standardized rate (using direct method) of selected micro- and macrovascular complication rates, associated obesity, and insulin dependence among racial and ethnic groups. Our sample included 20,680 patients who made 394,106 visits (9922 non-Hispanic White patients, 4698 non-Hispanic Black patients, and 6060 Hispanic patients). Our results suggest a higher risk of acquiring macrovascular (hypertension, ischemic disease, and stroke) and microvascular (renal, ophthalmic, and neurological) complications in Black patients compared to non-Hispanic White and Hispanic patients. The rates of stage I or II obesity were higher in Black patients compared with White and Hispanic patients. The rates of insulin use rather than oral hypoglycemics were also higher in Black patients than White and Hispanic patients. The disparities in terms of the higher susceptibility to complications among Black patients are possibly linked to the socioeconomic disadvantages of this population, leading to poorer management. Prevention strategies are warranted to reduce the incidence of T2D complications in racial minorities. Full article
9 pages, 229 KiB  
Article
Impact of Physician Characteristics on Late-Onset Sepsis (LOS) Evaluation in the NICU
by Harshkumar R. Patel, Blaine Traylor, Mohamed Farooq Ahamed, Ginger Darling, Albert Botchway, Beau J. Batton and Venkata Sasidhar Majjiga
Healthcare 2024, 12(8), 845; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12080845 - 17 Apr 2024
Viewed by 1066
Abstract
The threshold for a late-onset sepsis (LOS) evaluation varies considerably across NICUs. This unexplained variability is probably related in part to physician bias regarding when sepsis should be “ruled out”. The aim of this study is to determine if physician characteristics (race, gender, [...] Read more.
The threshold for a late-onset sepsis (LOS) evaluation varies considerably across NICUs. This unexplained variability is probably related in part to physician bias regarding when sepsis should be “ruled out”. The aim of this study is to determine if physician characteristics (race, gender, immigration status, years of experience and academic rank) effect LOS evaluation in the NICU. This study includes a retrospective chart review of all Level III NICU infants who had a LOS evaluation over 54 months. Physician characteristics were compared between positive and negative blood culture groups and whether CBC and CRP were obtained at LOS evaluations. There were 341 LOS evaluations performed during the study period. Two patients were excluded due to a contaminant. Patients in this study had a birth weight of [median (Q1, Q3)]+ 992 (720, 1820) grams and birth gestation of [median (Q1, Q3)] 276/7 (252/7, 330/7) weeks. There are 10 neonatologists in the group, 5/10 being female and 6/10 being immigrant physicians. Experienced physicians were more likely to obtain a CBC at the time of LOS evaluation. Physician characteristics of race, gender and immigration status impacted whether to include a CRP as part of a LOS evaluation but otherwise did not influence LOS evaluation, including the likelihood of bacteremia. Full article
(This article belongs to the Section Perinatal and Neonatal Medicine)
12 pages, 1036 KiB  
Article
Perceived Well-Being among Adults with Diabetes and Hypertension: A National Study
by Leona Yuen-Ling Leung, Hon-Lon Tam, Isaac Sze-Him Leung, Alex Siu-Wing Chan, Yueheng Yin, Xiubin Zhang, Aimei Mao and Pak-Leng Cheong
Healthcare 2024, 12(8), 844; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12080844 - 16 Apr 2024
Viewed by 564
Abstract
Perceived health and distresses are associated with the practice of lifestyle modifications, which increases the risk of diabetes and hypertension-related complications. This study aimed to define the characteristics and distribution of perceived health and distresses across the states between people with diabetes and [...] Read more.
Perceived health and distresses are associated with the practice of lifestyle modifications, which increases the risk of diabetes and hypertension-related complications. This study aimed to define the characteristics and distribution of perceived health and distresses across the states between people with diabetes and hypertension. Data were derived from a national survey of US adults aged ≥18 years who were interviewed via phone call. Perceived health and distresses were assessed through corresponding questions. An amount of 333,316 respondents (43,911 with diabetes and 130,960 with hypertension) were included in the analysis; 61.8% of people with diabetes and 74.5% of people with hypertension reported having good or better health, while residents in the Southwest region perceived poor health statuses and more distresses. Education level (diabetes: odds ratio [OR] = 0.47–0.79, hypertension: OR = 0.42–0.76), employment status level (diabetes: OR = 1.40–2.22, hypertension: OR = 1.56–2.49), and household income (diabetes: OR = 0.22–0.65, hypertension: OR = 0.15–0.78) were significant factors associated with poorly perceived health among people with diabetes and hypertension, and the use of technology and strategies for policymakers are suggested to improve the perceived health status in this regard. Full article
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13 pages, 905 KiB  
Review
Debridement, Antibiotic Pearls, and Retention of the Implant (DAPRI) in the Treatment of Early Periprosthetic Knee Joint Infections: A Literature Review
by Giovanni Vicenti, Elisa Pesare, Giulia Colasuonno, Claudio Buono, Federica Albano, Teresa Ladogana, Anna Claudia Passarelli and Giuseppe Solarino
Healthcare 2024, 12(8), 843; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12080843 - 16 Apr 2024
Viewed by 629
Abstract
(1) Background: Periprosthetic joint infections (PJIs) are severe and frightening complications in orthopaedic surgery, and they are generally divided into three categories: early infections (those occurring within the first 4–6 weeks), delayed infections (those occurring between 3 and 24 months), and late infections [...] Read more.
(1) Background: Periprosthetic joint infections (PJIs) are severe and frightening complications in orthopaedic surgery, and they are generally divided into three categories: early infections (those occurring within the first 4–6 weeks), delayed infections (those occurring between 3 and 24 months), and late infections (those occurring more than 2 years after surgery). PJI treatment comprises “debridement, antibiotics, and implant retention” (DAIR), single-stage revision, and double-stage revision. Nowadays, to improve the chances of retaining an infected implant and to improve the traditional DAIR method, a modified surgical technique has been developed, named DAPRI (debridement, antibiotic pearls, and retention of the implant). Our study aims to present an up-to-date concept evaluation of the DAPRI technique and its success rate. (2) Methods: Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) standards were followed, applying a protocol defined by the authors: a total of 765 articles were identified, and at the end of the screening process only 7 studies were included. (3) Results: Currently, the DAPRI procedure can be performed only on patients who have had PJI symptoms for less than 4 weeks, and in order to achieve the highest success rate, indications are quite strict: it is appropriate in patients with acute, superficial infections without sinus tract presence, and well-fixed implants with known sensitive bacteria. The DAPRI surgical method follows a step-by-step process consisting of a first phase of biofilm identification with intra-articular injection of methylene blue, followed by biofilm removal (thermic, mechanical, and chemical aggression), and a last step consisting of prevention of PJI recurrence by using calcium sulphate antibiotic-added beads. (4) Conclusions: The DAPRI approach improves the traditional DAIR technique. It is a correct treatment for acute and early haematogenous PJI, and improves the DAIR success rate. Full article
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12 pages, 232 KiB  
Article
Palliative Care and Mental Health among Pancreatic Cancer Patients in the United States: An Examination of Service Utilization and Health Outcomes
by Divya S. Subramaniam, Zidong Zhang, Zachary Timmer, Elisabeth C. DeMarco, Michael P. Poirier and Leslie J. Hinyard
Healthcare 2024, 12(8), 842; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12080842 - 16 Apr 2024
Viewed by 721
Abstract
Introduction: Palliative care (PC) utilization remains low among pancreatic cancer patients. This study explores the association of PC with mental health service and pharmacotherapy utilization among pancreatic cancer patients. Methods: Retrospective analysis was conducted on a sample of patients in the United States [...] Read more.
Introduction: Palliative care (PC) utilization remains low among pancreatic cancer patients. This study explores the association of PC with mental health service and pharmacotherapy utilization among pancreatic cancer patients. Methods: Retrospective analysis was conducted on a sample of patients in the United States with newly diagnosed pancreatic cancer using Electronic Health Record data from Optum’s Integrated Claims-Clinical data set. Subsequent diagnoses of anxiety and depression and PC consultation encounters were determined using ICD-9/10 codes. Adjusted associations of mental health treatments with PC and patient characteristics were quantified using multiple logistic regression. Results: Among newly diagnosed pancreatic cancer patients (n = 4029), those with PC consultations exhibited a higher prevalence of anxiety (33.9% vs. 22.8%) and depression (36.2% vs. 23.2%). Mental health service use and pharmacotherapy varied, with the highest utilization among patients having both anxiety and depression. Treatment pattern was also influenced by age (aOR 1.832 for age <55 vs. 65–70 years). Notably, PC consultations showed no significant effect on the likelihood of documented treatment. Discussion: Our study emphasizes underutilization of PC and MH treatment for pancreatic cancer patients. These findings imply a crucial need for further investigation into palliative care’s role in addressing mental health concerns among pancreatic cancer patients. Full article
(This article belongs to the Section Pain Management)
10 pages, 228 KiB  
Article
Development of a Community-Based Communication Intervention among Latin Caregivers of Patients Coping with Cancer
by Normarie Torres-Blasco, Lianel Rosario-Ramos, Carled Arguelles, Stephanie Torres Marrero, Tiffany Rivera, Zulay Vicente, Maria Elena Navedo, Rosael Burgos, Mayra Garriga, Maria del Carmen Pacheco and Betsy Lopez
Healthcare 2024, 12(8), 841; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12080841 - 16 Apr 2024
Viewed by 592
Abstract
Background: Cancer affects the emotional well-being of patients and caregivers, highlighting the need for effective communication strategies. This study explores a community-based communication intervention for Latino caregiver–patient dyads coping with cancer. The acceptability of the intervention, along with its associated facilitators and [...] Read more.
Background: Cancer affects the emotional well-being of patients and caregivers, highlighting the need for effective communication strategies. This study explores a community-based communication intervention for Latino caregiver–patient dyads coping with cancer. The acceptability of the intervention, along with its associated facilitators and barriers, are crucial considerations. Methods: Three focus group interviews involved healthcare providers, community partners, patients, and caregivers to discuss the communication needs of this population and the components of a communication intervention while identifying facilitators and barriers to the intervention. Qualitative thematic content analysis was conducted using Nvivo v12, ensuring reliability through independent analysis and consensus building. Results: Participants (89% female, average age of 53) included patients (30%), caregivers (30%), community partners (25%), and healthcare providers (15%), and they discussed the overall acceptability of adapting a communication intervention, where they emphasized benefits for caregivers and patients, primarily through support groups. Communication strategies accepted by participants include psychological support, cancer education, assertive communication skills, and methods for improved interactions with healthcare providers and extended family. Conclusions: Participants’ responses align with the current literature, emphasizing problem-solving, mutual support, and communication strategies and underscoring the role of community partners. The study underlines the necessity for culturally tailored communication interventions for Latino families facing cancer. Full article
9 pages, 466 KiB  
Article
Association between Changes in Daily Life Due to COVID-19 and Depressive Symptoms in South Korea
by Ha-Eun Son, Young-Seoub Hong and Hyunjin Son
Healthcare 2024, 12(8), 840; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12080840 - 16 Apr 2024
Viewed by 568
Abstract
We aimed to examine changes in daily life due to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) among younger (≤64 years) and older (≥65 years) individuals and to analyze their association with depressive symptoms. Raw data from the 2020 Korean Community Health Survey were used to [...] Read more.
We aimed to examine changes in daily life due to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) among younger (≤64 years) and older (≥65 years) individuals and to analyze their association with depressive symptoms. Raw data from the 2020 Korean Community Health Survey were used to analyze 228,485 individuals. Changes in daily life due to COVID-19 were measured using a questionnaire that evaluated changes in physical activity, sleep duration, instant food intake, and drinking and smoking status. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire 9 scale, and logistic regression analysis was performed to explore the association between the two variables. This study confirmed a significant association between the two variables and found that the intake of instant food showed the largest difference in odds ratios between the younger (OR: 1.851; 95% CI: 1.720–1.992) and older groups (OR: 1.239; 95% CI: 1.060–1.447). A major finding of this study is that the analysis of the association between the two variables revealed a stronger correlation in more variables in the younger population compared to the older population. To address COVID-19-related depression and prepare for potential mental health crises, countries should expand response measures. Full article
(This article belongs to the Collection COVID-19: Impact on Public Health and Healthcare)
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10 pages, 250 KiB  
Article
The Relationship between Distress Tolerance and Spiritual Well-Being towards ARV Therapy Adherence in People Living with HIV/AIDS
by Ramal Saputra, Agung Waluyo and Chiyar Edison
Healthcare 2024, 12(8), 839; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12080839 - 16 Apr 2024
Viewed by 546
Abstract
A crucial factor in the success of treatment for patients with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is adherence to antiretroviral (ARV) therapy among People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Adherence issues remain a persisting problem with multifaceted causes. There are many studies on variables related [...] Read more.
A crucial factor in the success of treatment for patients with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is adherence to antiretroviral (ARV) therapy among People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Adherence issues remain a persisting problem with multifaceted causes. There are many studies on variables related to ARV therapy adherence, but no study has been found on spiritual well-being and distress tolerance in ARV therapy adherence. This study aims to determine the relationship between distress tolerance and spiritual well-being on adherence to ARV therapy in PLWHA. This research used a quantitative approach with a cross-sectional design. The sample collection process followed a consecutive sampling technique, with data gathered from 129 participants at the South Lampung Regional General Hospital located in Indonesia. Data collection was conducted using three questionnaires administered by the interviewer, which assessed distress tolerance using the Miller–Smith Rating Scale For Stress Tolerance (MSRS-ST), evaluated spiritual Well-Being using the Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS), and gauged ARV therapy adherence using the Medication Adherence Rating Scale (MARS). Data analysis using a simple logistic regression with a 95% confidence interval (CI) showed a significant relationship between distress tolerance (p-value 0.002) and spiritual well-being (p-value 0.036) towards ARV therapy adherence in PLWHA. The results of multiple logistic regression yielded distress tolerance as the most dominant and influential variable in this research. Distress tolerance and spiritual well-being impact adherence to ARV therapy in PLWHA. Suggestions for healthcare services should consider these factors to decrease the risk of non-adherence to therapy and inadvertently heighten mortality risk. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Clinical Nursing in Healthcare)
14 pages, 293 KiB  
Article
Prevalence of Steinert’s Myotonic Dystrophy and Utilization of Healthcare Services: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study
by Leticia Hernáez, Ana Clara Zoni, María-Felicitas Domínguez-Berjón, María D. Esteban-Vasallo, Cristina Domínguez-González, Pilar Serrano and on behalf of the DM1-CM Working Group
Healthcare 2024, 12(8), 838; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12080838 - 16 Apr 2024
Viewed by 1423
Abstract
Myotonic dystrophy type I (MDI) is the most common muscular dystrophy in adults. The main objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of MDI in the Community of Madrid (CM) (Spain) and to analyze the use of public healthcare services; a [...] Read more.
Myotonic dystrophy type I (MDI) is the most common muscular dystrophy in adults. The main objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of MDI in the Community of Madrid (CM) (Spain) and to analyze the use of public healthcare services; a population-based cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out on patients with MDI in CM and data were obtained from a population-based registry (2010–2017). A total of 1101 patients were studied (49.1% women) with average age of 47.8 years; the prevalence of MDI was 14.4/100,000 inhabitants. In the women lineal regression model for hospital admissions, being in the fourth quartile of the deprivation index, was a risk factor (regression coef (rc): 0.80; 95%CI 0.25–1.37). In the overall multiple lineal regression model for primary health care (PHC) attendance, being a woman increased the probability of having a higher number of consultations (rc: 3.99; 95%CI: 3.95–5.04), as did being in the fourth quartile of the deprivation index (rc: 2.10; 95%CI: 0.58–3.63); having received influenza vaccines was a protective factor (rc: −0.46; 95%CI: −0.66–(−0.25)). The prevalence of MDI in the CM is high compared to other settings. Moreover, having any level of risk stratification of becoming ill (high, medium or low) has a positive association with increased PHC consultations and hospital admissions. Full article
14 pages, 1291 KiB  
Article
Pumping up the Fight against Multiple Sclerosis: The Effects of High-Intensity Resistance Training on Functional Capacity, Muscle Mass, and Axonal Damage
by Sergio Maroto-Izquierdo, Patricia Mulero, Héctor Menéndez, José Pinto-Fraga, Simone Lista, Alejandro Santos-Lozano and Nieves Téllez
Healthcare 2024, 12(8), 837; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12080837 - 15 Apr 2024
Viewed by 971
Abstract
Background: Resistance training (RT) has been recognized as a beneficial non-pharmacological intervention for multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, but its impact on neurodegeneration is not fully understood. This study aimed to investigate the effects of high-intensity RT on muscle mass, strength, functional capacity, and [...] Read more.
Background: Resistance training (RT) has been recognized as a beneficial non-pharmacological intervention for multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, but its impact on neurodegeneration is not fully understood. This study aimed to investigate the effects of high-intensity RT on muscle mass, strength, functional capacity, and axonal damage in MS patients. Methods: Eleven relapsing–remitting MS patients volunteered in this within-subject counterbalanced intervention study. Serum neurofilament light-chain (NfL) concentration, vastus lateralis thickness (VL), timed up-and-go test (TUG), sit-to-stand test (60STS), and maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) were measured before and after intervention. Participants performed 18 sessions of high-intensity RT (70–80% 1-RM) over 6 weeks. Results: Significant (p < 0.05) differences were observed post-intervention for VL (ES = 2.15), TUG (ES = 1.98), 60STS (ES = 1.70), MVIC (ES = 1.78), and NfL (ES = 1.43). Although moderate correlations between changes in VL (R = 0.434), TUG (R = −0.536), and MVIC (R = 0.477) and changes in NfL were observed, only the correlation between VL and MVIC changes was significant (R = 0.684, p = 0.029). Conclusions: A 6-week RT program significantly increased muscle mass, functional capacity, and neuromuscular function while also decreasing serum NfL in MS patients. These results suggest the effectiveness of RT as a non-pharmacological approach to mitigate neurodegeneration while improving functional capacity in MS patients. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effects of Strength Training on Rehabilitation)
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