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Open AccessArticle

Evaluation of Augmented Reality-Based Building Diagnostics Using Third Person Perspective

1
Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences, University of Gävle, 801 76 Gävle, Sweden
2
Centre for Image Analysis, Uppsala University, 751 05 Uppsala, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9(1), 53; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi9010053
Received: 27 November 2019 / Revised: 2 January 2020 / Accepted: 13 January 2020 / Published: 16 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality for Smart Cities)
Comprehensive user evaluations of outdoor augmented reality (AR) applications in the architecture, engineering, construction and facilities management (AEC/FM) industry are rarely reported in the literature. This paper presents an AR prototype system for infrared thermographic façade inspection and its evaluation. The system employs markerless tracking based on image registration using natural features and a third person perspective (TPP) augmented view displayed on a hand-held smart device. We focus on evaluating the system in user experiments with the task of designating positions of heat spots on an actual façade as if acquired through thermographic inspection. User and system performance were both assessed with respect to target designation errors. The main findings of this study show that positioning accuracy using this system is adequate for objects of the size of one decimeter. After ruling out the system inherent errors, which mainly stem from our application-specific image registration procedure, we find that errors due to a human’s limited visual-motoric and cognitive performance, which have a more general implication for using TPP AR for target designation, are only a few centimeters. View Full-Text
Keywords: augmented reality; infrared thermography; façade inspection; positioning task; third person perspective; user performance study; mental rotation augmented reality; infrared thermography; façade inspection; positioning task; third person perspective; user performance study; mental rotation
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Liu, F.; Jonsson, T.; Seipel, S. Evaluation of Augmented Reality-Based Building Diagnostics Using Third Person Perspective. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9, 53.

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