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Open AccessArticle

SfM-MVS Photogrammetry for Rockfall Analysis and Hazard Assessment Along the Ancient Roman Via Flaminia Road at the Furlo Gorge (Italy)

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CGT Spinoff s.r.l., Via Vetri Vecchi 34, 52027 San Giovanni Valdarno (AR), Italy
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Terna Rete Italia S.p.A., Viale Egidio Galbani 70, 00156 Roma, Italy
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CGT Engineering S.r.l., Via Strasburgo 7, 52022 Cavriglia (AR), Italy
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Department of Environment, Earth and Physical Sciences and Centre for GeoTechnologies CGT, University of Siena, Via Vetri Vecchi 34, 52027 San Giovanni Valdarno (AR), Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2019, 8(8), 325; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi8080325
Received: 3 July 2019 / Revised: 19 July 2019 / Accepted: 24 July 2019 / Published: 25 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Applications of Photogrammetry for Environmental Research)
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Abstract

Rockfall events represent significant hazards for areas characterized by high and steep slopes and therefore effective mitigation controls are essential to control their effect. There are a lot of examples all over the world of anthropic areas at risk because of their proximity to a rock slope. A rockfall runout analysis is a typical 3D problem, but for many years, because of the lack of specific software, powerful computers, and economic reasons, a 2D approach was normally adopted. However, in recent years the use of 3D software has become quite widespread and different runout working approaches have been developed. The contribution and potential use of photogrammetry in this context is undoubtedly great. This paper describes the application of a 3D hybrid working approach, which considers the integrated use of traditional geological methods, Terrestrial Laser Scanning, and drone based Digital Photogrammetry. Such approach was undertaken in order to perform the study of rockfall runout and geological hazard in a natural slope in Italy in correspondence of an archaeological area. Results show the rockfall hazard in the study area and highlights the importance of using photogrammetry for the correct and complete geometrical reconstruction of slope, joints, and block geometries, which is essential for the analysis and design of proper remediation measures. View Full-Text
Keywords: unmanned aerial vehicle; photogrammetry; rock slope stability; rockfall runout; geological hazard unmanned aerial vehicle; photogrammetry; rock slope stability; rockfall runout; geological hazard
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Vanneschi, C.; Di Camillo, M.; Aiello, E.; Bonciani, F.; Salvini, R. SfM-MVS Photogrammetry for Rockfall Analysis and Hazard Assessment Along the Ancient Roman Via Flaminia Road at the Furlo Gorge (Italy). ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2019, 8, 325.

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