Next Article in Journal
Knowledge-based development as a new economic culture
Previous Article in Journal
The scope of coaching in the context of organizational change
Article Menu

Article Versions

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2017, 3(2), 9; (registering DOI)

Complex spaces: global innovation networks & territorial innovation systems in information & communication technologies

Center for Innovation and Regional Development, West Norway University of Applied Sciences, Bergen, Norway
Received: 20 March 2017 / Accepted: 25 May 2017 / Published: 22 June 2017
PDF [1151 KB, uploaded 8 February 2018]


This paper brings together two related bodies of theory that assist understanding of processes of socio-technical system change on the global scale. These are, first, the Global Value Chain perspective (GVC) that has now mutated into Global Production Networks (GPN) and, more recently, Global Innovation Networks (GIN). Examples of why this should be are exemplified (e.g. Scandinavia’s mobile telephony ‘creative destruction’). The second perspective is that of Territorial Innovation Systems. This addresses the innovative core of ‘creative destruction’ events which, in turn, explains economic growth and development. In recent times this has been significantly undergirded by means of concepts like ‘relatedness’, ‘proximity’ and ‘path dependence’. These perspectives are combined to produce a framework for analysing the contribution of an increasingly commoditised ICT assembly industry to high-value, customised ‘chipset’ and ‘apps’ design around smartphones, netbooks and flat panel display (FPD) technologies that express the GIN/TIS complex in global ‘value curve’ integration. Here ‘creative destruction’ recombinations arise because, from an evolutionary perspective, the regions in which they emerge display technological ‘relatedness’ and regional ‘regimes’ that foster co-innovation, in this case ICT-based co-innovation.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Cooke, P. Complex spaces: global innovation networks & territorial innovation systems in information & communication technologies. J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2017, 3, 9.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. EISSN 2199-8531 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top