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Article

Single JFET Front-End Amplifier for Low Frequency Noise Measurements with Cross Correlation-Based Gain Calibration

Department of Engineering, University of Messina, 98166 Messina, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Electronics 2019, 8(10), 1197; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics8101197
Received: 10 September 2019 / Revised: 7 October 2019 / Accepted: 18 October 2019 / Published: 21 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Low-Frequency Noise Measurements)
We propose an open loop voltage amplifier topology based on a single JFET front-end for the realization of very low noise voltage amplifiers to be used in the field of low frequency noise measurements. With respect to amplifiers based on differential input stages, a single transistor stage has, among others, the advantage of a lower background noise. Unfortunately, an open loop approach, while simplifying the realization, has the disadvantage that because of the dispersions in the characteristics of the active device, it cannot ensure that a well-defined gain be obtained by design. To address this issue, we propose to add two simple operational amplifier-based auxiliary amplifiers with known gain as part of the measurement chain and employ cross correlation for the calibration of the gain of the main amplifier. With proper data elaboration, gain calibration and actual measurements can be carried out at the same time. By using the approach we propose, we have been able to design a low noise amplifier relying on a simplified hardware and with background noise as low as 6 nV/√Hz at 200 mHz, 1.7 nV/√Hz at 1 Hz, 0.7 nV/√Hz at 10 Hz, and less than 0.6 nV/√Hz at frequencies above 100 Hz. View Full-Text
Keywords: low noise voltage amplifier; cross correlation; noise measurements low noise voltage amplifier; cross correlation; noise measurements
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MDPI and ACS Style

Scandurra, G.; Giusi, G.; Ciofi, C. Single JFET Front-End Amplifier for Low Frequency Noise Measurements with Cross Correlation-Based Gain Calibration. Electronics 2019, 8, 1197. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics8101197

AMA Style

Scandurra G, Giusi G, Ciofi C. Single JFET Front-End Amplifier for Low Frequency Noise Measurements with Cross Correlation-Based Gain Calibration. Electronics. 2019; 8(10):1197. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics8101197

Chicago/Turabian Style

Scandurra, Graziella, Gino Giusi, and Carmine Ciofi. 2019. "Single JFET Front-End Amplifier for Low Frequency Noise Measurements with Cross Correlation-Based Gain Calibration" Electronics 8, no. 10: 1197. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics8101197

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