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Article

Controlling Teleportation-Based Locomotion in Virtual Reality with Hand Gestures: A Comparative Evaluation of Two-Handed and One-Handed Techniques

1
Augmented Vision Lab, Department of Computer Science, TU Kaiserslautern, 67663 Kaiserslautern, Germany
2
German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence, DFKI, 67663 Kaiserslautern, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Osvaldo Gervasi
Electronics 2021, 10(6), 715; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10060715
Received: 9 February 2021 / Revised: 24 February 2021 / Accepted: 14 March 2021 / Published: 18 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality)
Virtual Reality (VR) technology offers users the possibility to immerse and freely navigate through virtual worlds. An important component for achieving a high degree of immersion in VR is locomotion. Often discussed in the literature, a natural and effective way of controlling locomotion is still a general problem which needs to be solved. Recently, VR headset manufacturers have been integrating more sensors, allowing hand or eye tracking without any additional required equipment. This enables a wide range of application scenarios with natural freehand interaction techniques where no additional hardware is required. This paper focuses on techniques to control teleportation-based locomotion with hand gestures, where users are able to move around in VR using their hands only. With the help of a comprehensive study involving 21 participants, four different techniques are evaluated. The effectiveness and efficiency as well as user preferences of the presented techniques are determined. Two two-handed and two one-handed techniques are evaluated, revealing that it is possible to move comfortable and effectively through virtual worlds with a single hand only. View Full-Text
Keywords: virtual reality; VR; locomotion; navigation; movement; gestures; gestural input; freehand; hands-free; bare hand virtual reality; VR; locomotion; navigation; movement; gestures; gestural input; freehand; hands-free; bare hand
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MDPI and ACS Style

Schäfer, A.; Reis, G.; Stricker, D. Controlling Teleportation-Based Locomotion in Virtual Reality with Hand Gestures: A Comparative Evaluation of Two-Handed and One-Handed Techniques. Electronics 2021, 10, 715. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10060715

AMA Style

Schäfer A, Reis G, Stricker D. Controlling Teleportation-Based Locomotion in Virtual Reality with Hand Gestures: A Comparative Evaluation of Two-Handed and One-Handed Techniques. Electronics. 2021; 10(6):715. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10060715

Chicago/Turabian Style

Schäfer, Alexander, Gerd Reis, and Didier Stricker. 2021. "Controlling Teleportation-Based Locomotion in Virtual Reality with Hand Gestures: A Comparative Evaluation of Two-Handed and One-Handed Techniques" Electronics 10, no. 6: 715. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10060715

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