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Open AccessArticle

Skin Protective Activity of LactoSporin-the Extracellular Metabolite from Bacillus Coagulans MTCC 5856

1
Sami Labs Limited, Peenya Industrial Area, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560058, India
2
Sabinsa Corporation, 20 Lake Drive, East Windsor, NJ 08520, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Cosmetics 2020, 7(4), 76; https://doi.org/10.3390/cosmetics7040076
Received: 10 August 2020 / Revised: 18 September 2020 / Accepted: 22 September 2020 / Published: 27 September 2020
Background: Probiotics and their products are increasingly used in skincare in recent years. Postbiotics are defined as any substance derived through the metabolic activity of a probiotic microorganism, which exerts a direct or indirect beneficial effect on the host. The extracellular metabolites of probiotic bacteria have antimicrobial activities, protect against acne, and improve skin condition. We studied skin protective activities of the extracellular metabolite (LactoSporin) of a spore-forming probiotic Bacillus coagulans MTCC 5856 in vitro. Methods: LactoSporin was evaluated for antioxidant activity by free radical scavenging activity and reactive oxygen quenching activity in human dermal fibroblast cells. Protection of fibroblasts from UV-induced apoptosis and cell death was studied by flow cytometry and neutral red uptake assays. Enzyme inhibition assays were carried out for collagenase, Elastase, and Hyaluronidase. Gene expression studies were carried out using polymerase chain reaction. Results: LactoSporin showed antioxidant activity and was found to protect skin cells from UV-induced apoptosis and cell death. LactoSporin inhibited collagenase, elastase, and hyaluronidase activity and upregulated the expression of hyaluronan synthase, transforming growth factor and epidermal growth factor, which are associated with extracellular matrix integrity. Conclusions: These results suggest LactoSporin is a skin protective postbiotic with wide application in cosmetic formulations. View Full-Text
Keywords: postbiotic; LactoSporin; Bacillus coagulans MTCC 5856; antioxidant; anti-inflammatory; extracellular matrix; skin aging postbiotic; LactoSporin; Bacillus coagulans MTCC 5856; antioxidant; anti-inflammatory; extracellular matrix; skin aging
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Majeed, M.; Majeed, S.; Nagabhushanam, K.; Lawrence, L.; Arumugam, S.; Mundkur, L. Skin Protective Activity of LactoSporin-the Extracellular Metabolite from Bacillus Coagulans MTCC 5856. Cosmetics 2020, 7, 76.

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