Saliva, a Magic Biofluid Available for Multilevel Assessment and a Mirror of General Health—A Systematic Review†
AbstractBackground: Saliva has been recently proposed as an alternative to classic biofluid analyses due to both availability and reliability regarding the evaluation of various biomarkers. Biosensors have been designed for the assessment of a wide spectrum of compounds, aiding in the screening, diagnosis, and monitoring of pathologies and treatment efficiency. This literature review aims to present the development in the biosensors research and their utility using salivary assessment. Methods: a comprehensive literature search has been conducted in the PubMed database, using the keywords “saliva” and “sensor”. A two-step paper selection algorithm was devised and applied. Results: The 49 papers selected for the present review focused on assessing the salivary biomarkers used in general diseases, oral pathologies, and pharmacology. The biosensors proved to be reliable tools for measuring the salivary levels of biochemical metabolic compounds such as glucose, proteinases and proteins, heavy metals and various chemical compounds, microorganisms, oncology markers, drugs, and neurotransmitters. Conclusions: Saliva is a biofluid with a significant clinical applicability for the evaluation and monitoring of a patient’s general health. Biosensors designed for assessing a wide range of salivary biomarkers are emerging as promising diagnostic or screening tools for improving the patients’ quality of life. View Full-Text
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Ilea, A.; Andrei, V.; Feurdean, C.N.; Băbțan, A.-M.; Petrescu, N.B.; Câmpian, R.S.; Boșca, A.B.; Ciui, B.; Tertiș, M.; Săndulescu, R.; Cristea, C. Saliva, a Magic Biofluid Available for Multilevel Assessment and a Mirror of General Health—A Systematic Review. Biosensors 2019, 9, 27.
Ilea A, Andrei V, Feurdean CN, Băbțan A-M, Petrescu NB, Câmpian RS, Boșca AB, Ciui B, Tertiș M, Săndulescu R, Cristea C. Saliva, a Magic Biofluid Available for Multilevel Assessment and a Mirror of General Health—A Systematic Review. Biosensors. 2019; 9(1):27.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ilea, Aranka; Andrei, Vlad; Feurdean, Claudia N.; Băbțan, Anida-Maria; Petrescu, Nausica B.; Câmpian, Radu S.; Boșca, Adina B.; Ciui, Bianca; Tertiș, Mihaela; Săndulescu, Robert; Cristea, Cecilia. 2019. "Saliva, a Magic Biofluid Available for Multilevel Assessment and a Mirror of General Health—A Systematic Review." Biosensors 9, no. 1: 27.
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