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Open AccessArticle

Precision and Digital Agriculture: Adoption of Technologies and Perception of Brazilian Farmers

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Embrapa Informática Agropecuária, Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation, Campinas 13083-886, Brazil
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Department of Geography, Graduate Program in Geography, University of Campinas (Unicamp), Campinas 13083-885, Brazil
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Embrapa Instrumentação, Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation, São Carlos 13560-970, Brazil
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Divisão de Sensoriamento Remoto, National Institute for Space Research (INPE), São José dos Campos 12227-010, Brazil
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Unidade de Competitividade do Sebrae Nacional, Brazilian Micro and Small Business Support Service (Sebrae), Brasília 70770-900, Brazil
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agriculture 2020, 10(12), 653; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10120653
Received: 19 November 2020 / Revised: 15 December 2020 / Accepted: 17 December 2020 / Published: 21 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Digital Agriculture)
The rapid population growth has driven the demand for more food, fiber, energy, and water, which is associated to an increase in the need to use natural resources in a more sustainable way. The use of precision agriculture machinery and equipment since the 1990s has provided important productive gains and maximized the use of agricultural inputs. The growing connectivity in the rural environment, in addition to its greater integration with data from sensor systems, remote sensors, equipment, and smartphones have paved the way for new concepts from the so-called Agriculture 4.0 or Digital Agriculture. This article presents the results of a survey carried out with 504 Brazilian farmers about the digital technologies in use, as well as current and future applications, perceived benefits, and challenges. The questionnaire was prepared, organized, and made available to the public through the online platform LimeSurvey and was available from 17 April to 2 June 2020. The primary data obtained for each question previously defined were consolidated and analyzed statistically. The results indicate that 84% of the interviewed farmers use at least one digital technology in their production system that differs according to technological complexity level. The main perceived benefit refers to the perception of increased productivity and the main challenges are the acquisition costs of machines, equipment, software, and connectivity. It is also noteworthy that 95% of farmers would like to learn more about new technologies to strengthen the agricultural development in their properties. View Full-Text
Keywords: agriculture 4.0; smart farming; farmer’s attitudes; Brazil agriculture 4.0; smart farming; farmer’s attitudes; Brazil
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bolfe, É.L.; Jorge, L.A.d.C.; Sanches, I.D.; Luchiari Júnior, A.; da Costa, C.C.; Victoria, D.d.C.; Inamasu, R.Y.; Grego, C.R.; Ferreira, V.R.; Ramirez, A.R. Precision and Digital Agriculture: Adoption of Technologies and Perception of Brazilian Farmers. Agriculture 2020, 10, 653. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10120653

AMA Style

Bolfe ÉL, Jorge LAdC, Sanches ID, Luchiari Júnior A, da Costa CC, Victoria DdC, Inamasu RY, Grego CR, Ferreira VR, Ramirez AR. Precision and Digital Agriculture: Adoption of Technologies and Perception of Brazilian Farmers. Agriculture. 2020; 10(12):653. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10120653

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bolfe, Édson L.; Jorge, Lúcio A.d.C.; Sanches, Ieda D.; Luchiari Júnior, Ariovaldo; da Costa, Cinthia C.; Victoria, Daniel d.C.; Inamasu, Ricardo Y.; Grego, Célia R.; Ferreira, Victor R.; Ramirez, Andrea R. 2020. "Precision and Digital Agriculture: Adoption of Technologies and Perception of Brazilian Farmers" Agriculture 10, no. 12: 653. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10120653

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