Experimental Models of Irritable Bowel Syndrome and the Role of the Enteric Neurotransmission
AbstractIrritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common gastrointestinal diseases in humans. It is characterized by visceral pain and/or discomfort, hypersensitivity and abnormal motor responses along with change in gut habits. Although the etio-pathogenesis of IBS is only partially understood, a main role has been attributed to psychosocial stress of different origin. Animal models such as neonatal maternal separation, water avoidance stress and wrap restraint stress have been developed as psychosocial stressors in the attempt to reproduce the IBS symptomatology and identify the cellular mechanisms responsible for the disease. The study of these models has led to the production of drugs potentially useful for IBS treatment. This review intends to give an overview on the results obtained with the animal models; to emphasize the role of the enteric nervous system in IBS appearance and evolution and as a possible target of drug therapies. View Full-Text
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Vannucchi, M.G.; Evangelista, S. Experimental Models of Irritable Bowel Syndrome and the Role of the Enteric Neurotransmission. J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7, 4.
Vannucchi MG, Evangelista S. Experimental Models of Irritable Bowel Syndrome and the Role of the Enteric Neurotransmission. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2018; 7(1):4.Chicago/Turabian Style
Vannucchi, Maria G.; Evangelista, Stefano. 2018. "Experimental Models of Irritable Bowel Syndrome and the Role of the Enteric Neurotransmission." J. Clin. Med. 7, no. 1: 4.
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