Next Article in Journal
Detection of Exosomal miRNAs in the Plasma of Melanoma Patients
Next Article in Special Issue
The Effect of Marine Derived n-3 Fatty Acids on Adipose Tissue Metabolism and Function
Previous Article in Journal
Correction: Ripamonti, C.; Trippa, F.; Barone, G.; Maranzano, E. Prevention and Treatment of Bone Metastases in Breast Cancer. J. Clin. Med. 2013, 2, 151–175
Previous Article in Special Issue
Lipidomics to Assess Omega 3 Bioactivity

Pork as a Source of Omega-3 (n-3) Fatty Acids

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Lacombe Research Centre, Lacombe T4L 1W1, AB, Canada
Josera GmbH & Co. KG, Kleinheubach 63924, Germany
Department of Animal Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch 7602, South Africa
Prairie Swine Centre, Inc., Saskatoon S7H 3J8, SK, Canada
Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton T6G 2R3, AB, Canada
Department of Animal Science, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011-3150, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Lindsay Brown, Bernhard Rauch and Hemant Poudyal
J. Clin. Med. 2015, 4(12), 1999-2011;
Received: 3 November 2015 / Revised: 8 December 2015 / Accepted: 8 December 2015 / Published: 16 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Health and Disease)
Pork is the most widely eaten meat in the world, but typical feeding practices give it a high omega-6 (n-6) to omega-3 (n-3) fatty acid ratio and make it a poor source of n-3 fatty acids. Feeding pigs n-3 fatty acids can increase their contents in pork, and in countries where label claims are permitted, claims can be met with limited feeding of n-3 fatty acid enrich feedstuffs, provided contributions of both fat and muscle are included in pork servings. Pork enriched with n-3 fatty acids is, however, not widely available. Producing and marketing n-3 fatty acid enriched pork requires regulatory approval, development costs, quality control costs, may increase production costs, and enriched pork has to be tracked to retail and sold for a premium. Mandatory labelling of the n-6/n-3 ratio and the n-3 fatty acid content of pork may help drive production of n-3 fatty acid enriched pork, and open the door to population-based disease prevention polices (i.e., food tax to provide incentives to improve production practices). A shift from the status-quo, however, will require stronger signals along the value chain indicating production of n-3 fatty acid enriched pork is an industry priority. View Full-Text
Keywords: pig; pork; n-3; omega-3; LNA; ETA; EPA; DHA pig; pork; n-3; omega-3; LNA; ETA; EPA; DHA
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Dugan, M.E.R.; Vahmani, P.; Turner, T.D.; Mapiye, C.; Juárez, M.; Prieto, N.; Beaulieu, A.D.; Zijlstra, R.T.; Patience, J.F.; Aalhus, J.L. Pork as a Source of Omega-3 (n-3) Fatty Acids. J. Clin. Med. 2015, 4, 1999-2011.

AMA Style

Dugan MER, Vahmani P, Turner TD, Mapiye C, Juárez M, Prieto N, Beaulieu AD, Zijlstra RT, Patience JF, Aalhus JL. Pork as a Source of Omega-3 (n-3) Fatty Acids. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2015; 4(12):1999-2011.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dugan, Michael E.R., Payam Vahmani, Tyler D. Turner, Cletos Mapiye, Manuel Juárez, Nuria Prieto, Angela D. Beaulieu, Ruurd T. Zijlstra, John F. Patience, and Jennifer L. Aalhus 2015. "Pork as a Source of Omega-3 (n-3) Fatty Acids" Journal of Clinical Medicine 4, no. 12: 1999-2011.

Find Other Styles

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop