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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(11), 1148;

Theoretical Analysis for the Flow Ripple of a Tandem Crescent Pump with Index Angles

State Key Laboratory of Fluid Power and Mechatronic Systems, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 October 2017 / Revised: 31 October 2017 / Accepted: 3 November 2017 / Published: 8 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Power Transmission and Control in Power and Vehicle Machineries)
PDF [9182 KB, uploaded 8 November 2017]


This paper presents a theoretical approach for lowering the outlet flow ripple of a crescent pump by applying a tandem crescent pump consisting of two gear pairs with an index angle between them. The outlet flow of the tandem pump is obtained by summing the flow produced by the two gear pairs, and the flow ripple of the tandem pump can be attenuated by properly selecting the design parameters in terms of the index angle and the displacement ratio between the two gear pairs. A lumped parameter model is presented for evaluating the crescent pump’s flow ripples, and experiments were performed on a single crescent pump to validate the model from the aspects of the steady-state flow-pressure characteristics and the outlet pressure ripples. In this way, the main causes of the flow ripple could be identified by comparing the kinematic flow with the actual flow evaluated by the model. Additionally, simulation results suggested that a tandem pump with an index angle of 13.85° and displacement ratio of 0.5 could lead to a more than 45% decrease in the outlet flow ripple than a single pump with the same displacement in a wide range of operating conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: crescent pumps; tandem crescent pumps; flow ripple; index angle crescent pumps; tandem crescent pumps; flow ripple; index angle

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Zhou, H.; Du, R.; Xie, A.; Yang, H. Theoretical Analysis for the Flow Ripple of a Tandem Crescent Pump with Index Angles. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 1148.

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