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Open AccessArticle

The Paradigms of Industry 4.0 and Circular Economy as Enabling Drivers for the Competitiveness of Businesses and Territories: The Case of an Italian Ceramic Tiles Manufacturing Company

1
Department of Business Administration (ADO), Applied Economics II and Fundaments of Economic Analysis, Rey-Juan-Carlos University, 28032 Madrid, Spain
2
Department of Sciences and Methods for Engineering, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, 42122 Reggio Emilia, Italy
3
Gruppo Ceramiche Gresmalt, Via Mosca 4, 41049 Sassuolo, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Soc. Sci. 2018, 7(12), 255; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci7120255
Received: 1 November 2018 / Revised: 27 November 2018 / Accepted: 30 November 2018 / Published: 4 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Industry 4.0 Implication for Economy and Society)
Sustainable development and the circular economy are two important issues for the future and the competitiveness of businesses. The programs for the integration of sustainability into industrial activities include the reconfiguration of production processes with a view to reducing their impact on the natural system, the development of new eco-sustainable products and the redesign of the business model. This paradigm shift requires the participation and commitment of different stakeholder groups and industry can completely redesign supply chains, aiming at resource efficiency and circularity. Developments in key ICT technologies, such as the Internet of Things (IoT), help this systemic transition. This paper explores the phases of the transition from a linear to a circular economy and proposes a procedure for introducing the principles of sustainability (environmental, economic and social) in a manufacturing environment, through the design of a new Circular Business Model (CBM). The new procedure has been tested and validated in an Italian company producing ceramic tiles, using the digitalization of the production processes of the Industry 4.0 environment, to implement the impact assessment tools (LCA—Life Cycle Assessment, LCC—Life Cycle Costing and S-LCA—Social Life Cycle Assessment) and the business intelligence systems to provide appropriate sustainability performance indicators essential for the definition of the new CBM. View Full-Text
Keywords: industry 4.0; circular economy; sustainability; manufacturing; industrial district (ID); Italian ceramic industry; circular business models (CBMs) industry 4.0; circular economy; sustainability; manufacturing; industrial district (ID); Italian ceramic industry; circular business models (CBMs)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Garcia-Muiña, F.E.; González-Sánchez, R.; Ferrari, A.M.; Settembre-Blundo, D. The Paradigms of Industry 4.0 and Circular Economy as Enabling Drivers for the Competitiveness of Businesses and Territories: The Case of an Italian Ceramic Tiles Manufacturing Company. Soc. Sci. 2018, 7, 255.

AMA Style

Garcia-Muiña FE, González-Sánchez R, Ferrari AM, Settembre-Blundo D. The Paradigms of Industry 4.0 and Circular Economy as Enabling Drivers for the Competitiveness of Businesses and Territories: The Case of an Italian Ceramic Tiles Manufacturing Company. Social Sciences. 2018; 7(12):255.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Garcia-Muiña, Fernando E.; González-Sánchez, Rocío; Ferrari, Anna M.; Settembre-Blundo, Davide. 2018. "The Paradigms of Industry 4.0 and Circular Economy as Enabling Drivers for the Competitiveness of Businesses and Territories: The Case of an Italian Ceramic Tiles Manufacturing Company" Soc. Sci. 7, no. 12: 255.

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