Climatic Impacts and Responses of Migratory and Non-Migratory Fishers of the Padma River, Bangladesh
AbstractThis study empirically assesses the impacts of climatic events on the inland fishers (i.e., migratory and non-migratory) in Bangladesh and explores their responses to those events. Here, the migratory refers to the fishers who change their fishing location seasonally and voluntarily, whereas the non-migratory fishers fish in the same area. It is assumed that there exist differences in both the impacts of an event and the responses to the event between migratory and non-migratory fishers and therefore, a ‘difference triangle’ conceptual framework is developed and tested empirically under this research. Employing mix-method (qualitative and quantitative), a field study was conducted during July–October 2015 from the Padma River depended fishers. Identified climatic events under this study are: storms, changes in rainfall and temperature and riverbank erosion. The migratory and non-migratory fishers were affected quite similarly by storms and changes in rainfall and temperature. However, riverbank erosion affected only non-migratory fishers. Both the migratory and non-migratory fishers adopted different strategies to cope with different climatic events, like, they took shelter in safe places, sold productive assets, reduced food consumption, took credit from informal sources and employed their school-going children. As adaptation strategies, they modernized their fishing boats, intensified fishing, built embankments and diversified livelihoods. Unlike the impacts, considerable differences were found in their coping and adaptation strategies. Comparing to non-migratory fishers, a smaller number of migratory fishers sold their assets, took informal credit and intensified fishing and diversified their livelihoods. The result of this study indicates the significance of differences in the impacts of climatic events for the migratory and non-migratory fishers and therefore, this research has policy implication for the betterment of fishers’ community in general. View Full-Text
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Khan, M.I.; Kundu, G.K.; Akter, M.S.; Mallick, B.; Islam, M.M. Climatic Impacts and Responses of Migratory and Non-Migratory Fishers of the Padma River, Bangladesh. Soc. Sci. 2018, 7, 254.
Khan MI, Kundu GK, Akter MS, Mallick B, Islam MM. Climatic Impacts and Responses of Migratory and Non-Migratory Fishers of the Padma River, Bangladesh. Social Sciences. 2018; 7(12):254.Chicago/Turabian Style
Khan, Makidul I.; Kundu, Goutam K.; Akter, Mosammat S.; Mallick, Bishawjit; Islam, Md. M. 2018. "Climatic Impacts and Responses of Migratory and Non-Migratory Fishers of the Padma River, Bangladesh." Soc. Sci. 7, no. 12: 254.
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