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Soc. Sci. 2018, 7(12), 254; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci7120254

Climatic Impacts and Responses of Migratory and Non-Migratory Fishers of the Padma River, Bangladesh

1
Department of Fisheries, University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
2
World Fisheries University Pilot Programme, Pukyong National University, 45 Yongso-ro, Nam-gu, Busan 48513, Korea
3
School of Earth Sciences and Environmental Engineering, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, 123 Cheomdangwagi-ro, Buk-gu, Gwangju 61005, Korea
4
The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL 33458, USA
5
Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Technische Universität Dresden/DRESDEN concept, 01062 Dresden, Germany
6
Interdisciplinary Centre for Conservation Science, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX13PS, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 August 2018 / Revised: 26 November 2018 / Accepted: 27 November 2018 / Published: 3 December 2018
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Abstract

This study empirically assesses the impacts of climatic events on the inland fishers (i.e., migratory and non-migratory) in Bangladesh and explores their responses to those events. Here, the migratory refers to the fishers who change their fishing location seasonally and voluntarily, whereas the non-migratory fishers fish in the same area. It is assumed that there exist differences in both the impacts of an event and the responses to the event between migratory and non-migratory fishers and therefore, a ‘difference triangle’ conceptual framework is developed and tested empirically under this research. Employing mix-method (qualitative and quantitative), a field study was conducted during July–October 2015 from the Padma River depended fishers. Identified climatic events under this study are: storms, changes in rainfall and temperature and riverbank erosion. The migratory and non-migratory fishers were affected quite similarly by storms and changes in rainfall and temperature. However, riverbank erosion affected only non-migratory fishers. Both the migratory and non-migratory fishers adopted different strategies to cope with different climatic events, like, they took shelter in safe places, sold productive assets, reduced food consumption, took credit from informal sources and employed their school-going children. As adaptation strategies, they modernized their fishing boats, intensified fishing, built embankments and diversified livelihoods. Unlike the impacts, considerable differences were found in their coping and adaptation strategies. Comparing to non-migratory fishers, a smaller number of migratory fishers sold their assets, took informal credit and intensified fishing and diversified their livelihoods. The result of this study indicates the significance of differences in the impacts of climatic events for the migratory and non-migratory fishers and therefore, this research has policy implication for the betterment of fishers’ community in general. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; impact; adaptation; migration; fisher; hazard climate change; impact; adaptation; migration; fisher; hazard
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Khan, M.I.; Kundu, G.K.; Akter, M.S.; Mallick, B.; Islam, M.M. Climatic Impacts and Responses of Migratory and Non-Migratory Fishers of the Padma River, Bangladesh. Soc. Sci. 2018, 7, 254.

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