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Soc. Sci. 2018, 7(12), 246; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci7120246

Influence of Industry 4.0 on the Production and Service Sectors in Pakistan: Evidence from Textile and Logistics Industries

1
School of Business Management, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok 06010, Kedah, Malaysia
2
School of Economics, Finance and Banking, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok 06010, Kedah, Malaysia
3
Business and Management Department, University of Wales Trinity Saint David, Oval Campus, Winchester House, 11 Cranmer Rd, London SW9 6EJ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 September 2018 / Revised: 18 November 2018 / Accepted: 20 November 2018 / Published: 23 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Industry 4.0 Implication for Economy and Society)
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Abstract

This research aims to investigate the role of Industry 4.0 in the production and service sector in Pakistan. It therefore considers five Industry 4.0 factors, namely big data, smart factory, cyber physical systems (CPS), Internet of things (IoT), and interoperability. In order to analyze the role of Industry 4.0, the textile industry is taken as a production industry, while the logistics industry is considered as a service industry. Both are facing various challenges in production and services causing below standard overall performance. To address this issue, a quantitative research approach with cross-sectional research design was selected. First hand data was collected through a survey questionnaire from a total of 224 employees of textile and logistics companies. Smart partial least square-structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) was preferred to analyze the collected data. Findings of the study revealed that Industry 4.0 has a key role in promoting the production and services sector in Pakistan, as it has a significant impact on the overall performance of the considered sectors. This research is one of the pioneer studies that examines the role of Industry 4.0 on the textile and logistics industry of Pakistan. Thus, this research also contributes in a practical dimension by explaining the implementation of Industry 4.0 for improving the performance of the textile and logistics industries. View Full-Text
Keywords: Industry 4.0; big data; smart factory; cyber physical systems; Internet of things (IoT); interoperability; logistics; textile; production industry; services industry Industry 4.0; big data; smart factory; cyber physical systems; Internet of things (IoT); interoperability; logistics; textile; production industry; services industry
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Imran, M.; Hameed, W.; Haque, A. Influence of Industry 4.0 on the Production and Service Sectors in Pakistan: Evidence from Textile and Logistics Industries. Soc. Sci. 2018, 7, 246.

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