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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Gallium Content and Heat Treatment on the Microstructure and Corrosion Rate of Magnesium Binary Alloys

Centro de Investigación y Estudios Avanzados de Instituto Politécnico Nacional Unidad-Saltillo, Av. Industrial Metalúrgica No.1062, Parque Industrial Saltillo-Ramos Arizpe, Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila, C.P. 25900, Mexico
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Metals 2019, 9(9), 990; https://doi.org/10.3390/met9090990
Received: 16 May 2019 / Revised: 14 June 2019 / Accepted: 16 June 2019 / Published: 7 September 2019
The microstructure and corrosion rate of as-cast and heat-treated binary Mg-Ga alloys with gallium content ranging from 0.375 to 1.5 wt. % were investigated. The corrosion rate was determined by the weight loss method using a simulated body fluid (SBF). The microstructure of the as-cast alloys showed an α-Mg matrix of dendritic morphology with intermetallic compounds Mg5Ga2 located mainly at the interdendritic regions. The fraction and size of the Mg5Ga2 particles increased with the amount of Ga in the alloy. The grain size decreased as the Ga content was increased. The products formed on the surface of the Mg-Ga alloys after immersion in SBF were MgO, Mg(OH)2, and calcium phosphates. The corrosion rate of the as-cast alloys was dependent on the Ga content. At concentrations lower than 1 wt. % the corrosion rate was similar to that of pure Mg (0.65 mm/year). However, Ga additions higher than 1 wt. % worsened the corrosion resistance. After heat treatment, the corrosion rate of Mg-Ga alloys decreased, and in the case of the alloys with Ga concentrations lower than 1 wt. %, corrosion rate was lower than that of pure Mg. Corrosion of these alloys after heat treatment was uniform. View Full-Text
Keywords: biodegradable alloys; magnesium alloys; gallium; corrosion; precipitation heat treatment biodegradable alloys; magnesium alloys; gallium; corrosion; precipitation heat treatment
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Hernández-Cortés, A.A.; Escobedo-Bocardo, J.C.; Cortés-Hernández, D.A.; Almanza-Robles, J.M. Effect of Gallium Content and Heat Treatment on the Microstructure and Corrosion Rate of Magnesium Binary Alloys. Metals 2019, 9, 990.

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