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Modelling on Inclusion Motion and Entrapment during the Full Solidification in Curved Billet Caster

1
State Key Laboratory of Advanced Metallurgy, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
2
School of Iron and Steel, Soochow University, Suzhou 215137, China
3
Liuzhou Iron & Steel Company, Ltd., Liuzhou 545002, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2018, 8(5), 320; https://doi.org/10.3390/met8050320
Received: 12 April 2018 / Revised: 2 May 2018 / Accepted: 2 May 2018 / Published: 6 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Continuous Casting)
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Abstract

Inclusions entrapped by the solidifying front during continuous casting would deteriorate the properties of the final steel products. In order to investigate the inclusion motion and the entrapment during the full solidification in curved billet caster, the present work has developed a three-dimensional numerical model coupling the flow, solidification, and inclusion motion. The predicted result indicates that the inclusion distribution inside the liquid pool of the mold is not perfectly symmetrical. Furthermore, the motion and the entrapment of micro inclusions in the mold are mainly affected by the molten steel flow pattern, however, those of macro inclusions depend both on the molten steel flow pattern and the buoyancy force of the inclusions. In the curved part of the strand, macro inclusions shift to the solidifying front of the inner radius as time goes on, while the solidifying front of the outer radius cannot entrap inclusions. The distributions of inclusions smaller than 5 μm in the solidified strand are even. However, for inclusions that are larger than 5 μm, their distributions become uneven. To validate the model, measurement of the strand surface temperature and the detection of inclusions in samples obtained from a plant have been performed. Good agreement is found between the predicted and experimental results. View Full-Text
Keywords: numerical simulation; molten steel flow; solidification; inclusion motion; inclusion entrapment; billet continuous casting numerical simulation; molten steel flow; solidification; inclusion motion; inclusion entrapment; billet continuous casting
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Yin, Y.; Zhang, J.; Dong, Q.; Li, Y. Modelling on Inclusion Motion and Entrapment during the Full Solidification in Curved Billet Caster. Metals 2018, 8, 320.

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