On the Kinematics, Stability and Lifetime of Kinematically Distinct Cores: A Case Study
Faculty of Physics, Universitäts-Sternwarte München, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Scheinerstr. 1, D-81679 München, Germany
Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Giessenbachstrasse 1, D-85740 Garching, Germany
Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, D-85748 Garching, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ericson D. Lopeze
Received: 6 July 2017 / Revised: 11 August 2017 / Accepted: 11 August 2017 / Published: 17 August 2017
PDF [2623 KB, uploaded 21 August 2017]
We present a case study of a early-type galaxy (ETG) hosting a kinematically distinct core (KDC) formed in a binary high resolution 1:1 spiral galaxy merger simulation. The runtime of the simulation is pushed up to
to follow the complete evolution of various physical properties. To investigate the origin of the KDC, the stellar component residing within the KDC is dissected, revealing that the rotational signal is purely generated by stars that belong to the KDC for at least
and are newly formed during the merging process. Following the orientation of the total stellar angular momentum of the KDC, we show that it performs a motion comparable to the precession of a gyroscope in a gravitational potential. We draw the conclusion that the motion of the KDC is a superposition of an intrinsic rotation and a global precession that gets gradually damped over cosmic time. Finally, the stability of the KDC over the complete runtime of the simulation is investigated by tracing the evolution of the widely used
parameter and the misalignment angle distribution. We find that the KDC is stable for about
after the merger and subsequently disperses completely on a timescale of ≈1.5
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
Printed Edition Available!
A printed edition of this Special Issue is available here
Share & Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Schulze, F.; Remus, R.-S.; Dolag, K. On the Kinematics, Stability and Lifetime of Kinematically Distinct Cores: A Case Study. Galaxies 2017, 5, 41.
Schulze F, Remus R-S, Dolag K. On the Kinematics, Stability and Lifetime of Kinematically Distinct Cores: A Case Study. Galaxies. 2017; 5(3):41.
Schulze, Felix; Remus, Rhea-Silvia; Dolag, Klaus. 2017. "On the Kinematics, Stability and Lifetime of Kinematically Distinct Cores: A Case Study." Galaxies 5, no. 3: 41.
Show more citation formats
Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.
[Return to top]
For more information on the journal statistics, click here
Multiple requests from the same IP address are counted as one view.