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Diagnostics 2018, 8(2), 28; https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics8020028

Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology for Neck Masses in Childhood. An Illustrative Approach

Department of Lab. Medicine and Pathology, University of Alberta, 8440 112 St., Edmonton, AB T6G 2B7, Canada
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Received: 29 January 2018 / Revised: 16 April 2018 / Accepted: 19 April 2018 / Published: 22 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diagnosis and Management of Pediatric Diseases)
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Abstract

The primary indication of fine-needle aspiration cytology of the head and neck region is a thyroid nodule or a mass located in the cervical area or the head. Although a thyroid nodule may raise the suspicion of malignancy, less than one in 20 cases results in a carcinoma. In addition, the list of differential diagnoses is quite different according to the age of the patient. A number of benign lesions, such as branchial cysts, sialadenosis, and sialoadenitis are often seen in childhood and youth. The malignant lesions that are on the top of the list of a pediatric mass of the head and neck (H&N) region include rhabdomyosarcoma, neuroblastoma, and papillary carcinoma of the thyroid gland. This critical review of the diagnostic features of a pediatric mass of the H&N region is accompanied by panels of several cytology features that may be of help to the cytopathologist and clinician. View Full-Text
Keywords: cytopathology; head and neck; children cytopathology; head and neck; children
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Sergi, C.; Dhiman, A.; Gray, J.-A. Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology for Neck Masses in Childhood. An Illustrative Approach. Diagnostics 2018, 8, 28.

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