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Dilated Semantic Segmentation for Breast Ultrasonic Lesion Detection Using Parallel Feature Fusion

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Department of Information Technology, College of Computing and Information Technology at Khulais, University of Jeddah, Jeddah 21959, Saudi Arabia
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Centre for Smart Systems, AI and Cybersecurity, Staffordshire University, Stoke-on-Trent ST4 2DE, UK
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Faculty of Applied Mathematics, Silesian University of Technology, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
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Industrial Engineering Department, College of Engineering, King Saud University, Riyadh 11421, Saudi Arabia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alexandr Kalinin
Diagnostics 2021, 11(7), 1212; https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11071212
Received: 25 March 2021 / Revised: 16 April 2021 / Accepted: 27 April 2021 / Published: 5 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Deep Learning for Computer-Aided Diagnosis in Biomedical Imaging)
Breast cancer is becoming more dangerous by the day. The death rate in developing countries is rapidly increasing. As a result, early detection of breast cancer is critical, leading to a lower death rate. Several researchers have worked on breast cancer segmentation and classification using various imaging modalities. The ultrasonic imaging modality is one of the most cost-effective imaging techniques, with a higher sensitivity for diagnosis. The proposed study segments ultrasonic breast lesion images using a Dilated Semantic Segmentation Network (Di-CNN) combined with a morphological erosion operation. For feature extraction, we used the deep neural network DenseNet201 with transfer learning. We propose a 24-layer CNN that uses transfer learning-based feature extraction to further validate and ensure the enriched features with target intensity. To classify the nodules, the feature vectors obtained from DenseNet201 and the 24-layer CNN were fused using parallel fusion. The proposed methods were evaluated using a 10-fold cross-validation on various vector combinations. The accuracy of CNN-activated feature vectors and DenseNet201-activated feature vectors combined with the Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier was 90.11 percent and 98.45 percent, respectively. With 98.9 percent accuracy, the fused version of the feature vector with SVM outperformed other algorithms. When compared to recent algorithms, the proposed algorithm achieves a better breast cancer diagnosis rate. View Full-Text
Keywords: CNN; Di-CNN; dilation; DenseNet201; semantic segmentation; parallel feature fusion CNN; Di-CNN; dilation; DenseNet201; semantic segmentation; parallel feature fusion
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MDPI and ACS Style

Irfan, R.; Almazroi, A.A.; Rauf, H.T.; Damaševičius, R.; Nasr, E.A.; Abdelgawad, A.E. Dilated Semantic Segmentation for Breast Ultrasonic Lesion Detection Using Parallel Feature Fusion. Diagnostics 2021, 11, 1212. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11071212

AMA Style

Irfan R, Almazroi AA, Rauf HT, Damaševičius R, Nasr EA, Abdelgawad AE. Dilated Semantic Segmentation for Breast Ultrasonic Lesion Detection Using Parallel Feature Fusion. Diagnostics. 2021; 11(7):1212. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11071212

Chicago/Turabian Style

Irfan, Rizwana, Abdulwahab A. Almazroi, Hafiz T. Rauf, Robertas Damaševičius, Emad A. Nasr, and Abdelatty E. Abdelgawad. 2021. "Dilated Semantic Segmentation for Breast Ultrasonic Lesion Detection Using Parallel Feature Fusion" Diagnostics 11, no. 7: 1212. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11071212

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