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Review

Ultrasound Imaging of Abdominal Wall Endometriosis: A Pictorial Review

1
Unit of Ultrasound in Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine and Science of Aging, “G. d’Annunzio” University, 66100 Chieti, Italy
2
Department of Neurosciences, Imaging and Clinical Sciences, “G. d’Annunzio” University, 66100 Chieti, Italy
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Unit of Gynecology Surgery, Mater Dei Hospital, 70125 Bari, Italy
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Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Unit, “Luigi Sacco” University Hospital, A.S.S.T. Fatebenefratelli-Sacco, 20157 Milan, Italy
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Department of Innovative Technologies in Medicine and Dentistry, University “G d’Annunzio”, 66100 Chieti, Italy
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Unità Operativa di Radiologia Diagnostica, Ospedale San Raffaele sede di Turro, 20127 Milan, Italy
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Geriatrics Department, Garibaldi Hospital, 95123 Catania, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diagnostics 2021, 11(4), 609; https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11040609
Received: 24 February 2021 / Revised: 23 March 2021 / Accepted: 24 March 2021 / Published: 29 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Medical Imaging and Theranostics)
Endometriosis is a debilitating disease characterized by endometrial glands and stroma outside the endometrial cavity. Abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE) indicates the presence of ectopic endometrium between the peritoneum and the skin, including subcutaneous adipose tissue and muscle layers, often following obstetric and gynecological surgical procedures. AWE is a not infrequent gynecological surgical complication, due to the increasing number of cesarean sections worldwide. In this pictorial review, we discuss the importance of medical history and physical examination, including the main ultrasound features in the diagnosis of AWE. View Full-Text
Keywords: abdominal wall endometriosis; ultrasound; cesarean scar; gynecological surgical scar abdominal wall endometriosis; ultrasound; cesarean scar; gynecological surgical scar
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cocco, G.; Delli Pizzi, A.; Scioscia, M.; Ricci, V.; Boccatonda, A.; Candeloro, M.; Tana, M.; Balconi, G.; Romano, M.; Schiavone, C. Ultrasound Imaging of Abdominal Wall Endometriosis: A Pictorial Review. Diagnostics 2021, 11, 609. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11040609

AMA Style

Cocco G, Delli Pizzi A, Scioscia M, Ricci V, Boccatonda A, Candeloro M, Tana M, Balconi G, Romano M, Schiavone C. Ultrasound Imaging of Abdominal Wall Endometriosis: A Pictorial Review. Diagnostics. 2021; 11(4):609. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11040609

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cocco, Giulio, Andrea Delli Pizzi, Marco Scioscia, Vincenzo Ricci, Andrea Boccatonda, Matteo Candeloro, Marco Tana, Giuseppe Balconi, Marcello Romano, and Cosima Schiavone. 2021. "Ultrasound Imaging of Abdominal Wall Endometriosis: A Pictorial Review" Diagnostics 11, no. 4: 609. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11040609

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