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Open AccessArticle

Forest and Arborescent Scrub Habitats of Special Interest for SCIs in Central Spain

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Departamento Biología Animal, Vegetal y Ecología Botánica, Universidad de Jaén, 23071 Jaén, Spain
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Dipartimento di AGRARIA, Università “Mediterranea” di Reggio Calabria, Località Feo di Vito, 89122 Reggio Calabria, Italy
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CCMAR—Centro de Ciências do Mar, University of Algarve, 8005-410 Faro, Portugal
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Departamento de Paisagem, Ambiente e Ordenamento/Instituto de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais Mediterrânicas (ICAAM), Universidade de Évora, 7000-365 Évora, Portugal
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Department of Plant Production and Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Al-Quds Open University, Hebron Branch, Abu Ktellah Street, Hebron 770-773, Palestine
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Department of Biodiversity and Environmental Management (Botany), Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of León, Campus de Vegazana s/n, E-24071 León, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ileana Pătru-Stupariu
Land 2021, 10(2), 183; https://doi.org/10.3390/land10020183
Received: 7 January 2021 / Revised: 28 January 2021 / Accepted: 2 February 2021 / Published: 10 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Land Systems in Transition between Persistence and Change)
The habitat of the several territories in Ciudad Real (Castilla-La Mancha, Spain) are studued through the and mapping (scale 1:10.000) and vegetation analysis. The distribution and surface of the habitat presents in the Sites of Community Interest (SCIs), as well as pressures, threats, trends, and state of conservation are described. These site contributes significantly to the maintenance or restoration at a favourable conservation status of a natural habitat type or of a species of community intesess.These specially protected areas are part of the Natura 2000 network. We discuss the diversity of forest habitats characterized by species of the genus Quercus L., focusing only on the plant communities in the Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC of 1992, regarding the conservation of fauna and flora and habitats of interest owing to their endemic or rare character. Habitats and species must be studied in combination to ensure the maximum reliability of the results. We concentrate on habitats with low representation in the territory as a consequence of their rarity or endemicity. We study the following habitats of special interest: 9230—Mediterranean-Ibero-Atlantic and Galaico-Portuguese oak woods of Quercus robur and Quercus pyrenaica; 9240—Iberian oaks of Quercus faginea and Quercus canariensis; 9320—Thermomediterranean forests of Olea and Ceratonia (Iberian Peninsula, Balearic and Canary Islands); 9540—Mediterranean pine forests of endemic Pinus pinaster (Pinus pinaster subsp. acutisquama); 9560—Endemic forests with Juniperus spp.; 5210. Arborescent scrub with Juniperus spp. View Full-Text
Keywords: habitat; mapping; association; vegetation; conservation habitat; mapping; association; vegetation; conservation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cano-Ortiz, A.; Musarella, C.M.; Piñar Fuentes, J.C.; Quinto Canas, R.; Pinto Gomes, C.J.; Spampinato, G.; Ighbareyeh, J.M.H.; del Río, S.; Cano, E. Forest and Arborescent Scrub Habitats of Special Interest for SCIs in Central Spain. Land 2021, 10, 183. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10020183

AMA Style

Cano-Ortiz A, Musarella CM, Piñar Fuentes JC, Quinto Canas R, Pinto Gomes CJ, Spampinato G, Ighbareyeh JMH, del Río S, Cano E. Forest and Arborescent Scrub Habitats of Special Interest for SCIs in Central Spain. Land. 2021; 10(2):183. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10020183

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cano-Ortiz, Ana; Musarella, Carmelo M.; Piñar Fuentes, Jose C.; Quinto Canas, Ricardo; Pinto Gomes, Carlos J.; Spampinato, Giovanni; Ighbareyeh, Jehad M.H.; del Río, Sara; Cano, Eusebio. 2021. "Forest and Arborescent Scrub Habitats of Special Interest for SCIs in Central Spain" Land 10, no. 2: 183. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10020183

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