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Water 2019, 11(2), 215; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11020215

A Water Quality Appraisal of Some Existing and Potential Riverbank Filtration Sites in India

1
Division of Water Sciences, University of Applied Sciences Dresden, D-01069 Dresden, Germany
2
Institute for Water Chemistry, TU Dresden, D-01069 Dresden, Germany
3
Faculty of Agriculture, Environment & Chemistry, University of Applied Sciences Dresden, D-01069 Dresden, Germany
4
Environmental Engineering and Water Technology Department, UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, P.O. Box 3015, 2601 DA Delft, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 November 2018 / Revised: 22 January 2019 / Accepted: 25 January 2019 / Published: 28 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Efficiency of Bank Filtration and Post-Treatment)
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Abstract

There is a nationwide need among policy and decision makers and drinking water supply engineers in India to obtain an initial assessment of water quality parameters for the selection and subsequent development of new riverbank filtration (RBF) sites. Consequently, a snapshot screening of organic and inorganic water quality parameters, including major ions, inorganic trace elements, dissolved organic carbon (DOC), and 49 mainly polar organic micropollutants (OMPs) was conducted at 21 different locations across India during the monsoon in June–July 2013 and the dry non-monsoon period in May–June 2014. At most existing RBF sites in Uttarakhand, Jammu, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh, and Bihar, surface and RBF water quality was generally good with respect to most inorganic parameters and organic parameters when compared to Indian and World Health Organization drinking water standards. Although the surface water quality of the Yamuna River in and downstream of Delhi was poor, removals of DOC and OMPs of 50% and 13%–99%, respectively, were observed by RBF, thereby rendering it a vital pre-treatment step for drinking water production. The data provided a forecast of the water quality for subsequent investigations, expected environmental and human health risks, and the planning of new RBF systems in India. View Full-Text
Keywords: bank filtration; drinking water treatment; inorganic chemicals; organic micropollutants; Ganga; Yamuna; Damodar bank filtration; drinking water treatment; inorganic chemicals; organic micropollutants; Ganga; Yamuna; Damodar
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Sandhu, C.; Grischek, T.; Börnick, H.; Feller, J.; Sharma, S.K. A Water Quality Appraisal of Some Existing and Potential Riverbank Filtration Sites in India. Water 2019, 11, 215.

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