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Open AccessArticle

Riverbank Filtration for the Water Supply on the Nakdong River, South Korea

1
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Sejong University, 209 Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-Gu, Seoul 05006, Korea
2
K-water Research Institute, Korea Water Resources Corporation, Daejeon 34045, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(1), 129; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11010129
Received: 11 November 2018 / Revised: 5 January 2019 / Accepted: 7 January 2019 / Published: 12 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Efficiency of Bank Filtration and Post-Treatment)
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Abstract

A field study was carried out to investigate the feasibility of a riverbank filtration site using two vertical wells on the Nakdong River, South Korea. The riverbank filtration site was designed to have eleven horizontal collector wells in order to supply 280,000 m3/day. This field study provided more insight into the fate of the dissolved organic matter’s characteristics during soil passage. The vertical production wells (PWs) were located in different aquifer materials (PW-Sand and PW-Gravel) in order to determine the depth of the laterals for the horizontal collector wells. The turbidity of the riverbank filtrates from the PW-Sand (0.9 NTU) and PW-Gravel (0.7 NTU) was less than 1 NTU, which was the target turbidity of the riverbank filtrate in this study. The iron concentrations were 18.1 ± 0.8 and 25.9 ± 1.3 mg/L for PW-Sand and PW-Gravel respectively, and were higher than those of the land-side groundwater. The biodegradable organic matter-determined biochemical oxygen demand in the river water was reduced by more than 40% during soil passage, indicating that less microbial growth in the riverbank filtrate could be possible. Moreover, the influence of the pumping rates of the vertical wells on the removal of dissolved organic matter and the turbidity was not significant. View Full-Text
Keywords: dissolved organic matter; fluorescence excitation-emission matrix; LC-OCD; Nakdong River; riverbank filtration dissolved organic matter; fluorescence excitation-emission matrix; LC-OCD; Nakdong River; riverbank filtration
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Maeng, S.K.; Lee, K.-H. Riverbank Filtration for the Water Supply on the Nakdong River, South Korea. Water 2019, 11, 129.

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