The Role of Mast Cells in Stroke
AbstractMast cells (MCs) are densely granulated perivascular resident cells of hematopoietic origin. Through the release of preformed mediators stored in their granules and newly synthesized molecules, they are able to initiate, modulate, and prolong the immune response upon activation. Their presence in the central nervous system (CNS) has been documented for more than a century. Over the years, MCs have been associated with various neuroinflammatory conditions of CNS, including stroke. They can exacerbate CNS damage in models of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke by amplifying the inflammatory responses and promoting brain–blood barrier disruption, brain edema, extravasation, and hemorrhage. Here, we review the role of these peculiar cells in the pathophysiology of stroke, in both immature and adult brain. Further, we discuss the role of MCs as potential targets for the treatment of stroke and the compounds potentially active as MCs modulators. View Full-Text
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Parrella, E.; Porrini, V.; Benarese, M.; Pizzi, M. The Role of Mast Cells in Stroke. Cells 2019, 8, 437.
Parrella E, Porrini V, Benarese M, Pizzi M. The Role of Mast Cells in Stroke. Cells. 2019; 8(5):437.Chicago/Turabian Style
Parrella, Edoardo; Porrini, Vanessa; Benarese, Marina; Pizzi, Marina. 2019. "The Role of Mast Cells in Stroke." Cells 8, no. 5: 437.
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