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Agronomy 2018, 8(6), 82; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy8060082

“Alperujo” Compost Improves the Ascorbate (Vitamin C) Content in Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) Fruits and Influences Their Oxidative Metabolism

1
Department of Soil Microbiology and Symbiotic Systems, Estación Experimental del Zaidín, CSIC, Profesor Albareda, 1, 18008 Granada, Spain
2
Group of Antioxidants, Free Radicals and Nitric Oxide in Biotechnology, Food and Agriculture (ARNOBA), Department of Biochemistry, Cell and Molecular Biology of Plants, Estación Experimental del Zaidín, CSIC, Profesor Albareda, 1, 18008 Granada, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 April 2018 / Revised: 17 May 2018 / Accepted: 23 May 2018 / Published: 25 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Further Metabolism in Plant System)
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Abstract

“Alperujo” compost was evaluated as an organic fertiliser for pepper growth under greenhouse conditions. Even though the total nitrogen applied was similar, plants only grown with composts experienced a development decline as compared to those grown with standard nutrient solution. This was perhaps because nitrogen from the compost was essentially organic, and not easily available for roots. When, alternatively, the compost was supplemented with nitrate, a synergetic effect was observed, favouring plant development and fruit yield, simultaneously with the increase of compost rates. Compost affected the oxidative metabolism of pepper plants by increasing their antioxidative enzyme activities catalase and superoxide dismutases and the non-enzymatic antioxidants ascorbate and glutathione. Overall, when nitrogen limitation occurred and only compost was used as fertiliser, an oxidative stress took place, whereas in plants grown with nitrate-supplemented compost it did not. Furthermore, these pepper plants experienced a yield increase and, more importantly, an enhancement of the ascorbate content. View Full-Text
Keywords: antioxidants; ascorbic acid; organic fertiliser; reactive oxygen species; nitrogen availability; greenhouse experiment antioxidants; ascorbic acid; organic fertiliser; reactive oxygen species; nitrogen availability; greenhouse experiment
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Tortosa, G.; González-Gordo, S.; Ruiz, C.; Bedmar, E.J.; Palma, J.M. “Alperujo” Compost Improves the Ascorbate (Vitamin C) Content in Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) Fruits and Influences Their Oxidative Metabolism. Agronomy 2018, 8, 82.

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