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Archaeological Starch
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Agronomy 2018, 8(6), 81;

Starch Biosynthesis in Crop Plants

Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, College of Biological Science, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
Received: 8 May 2018 / Revised: 21 May 2018 / Accepted: 22 May 2018 / Published: 25 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Starch Biosynthesis in Crop Plants)
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Starch is a water-insoluble polyglucan synthesized inside the plastids of plant tissues to provide a store of carbohydrate. Starch harvested from plant storage organs has probably represented the major source of calories for the human diet since before the dawn of civilization. Following the advent of agriculture and the building of complex societies, humans have maintained their dependence on high-yielding domesticated starch-forming crops such as cereals to meet food demands, livestock production, and many non-food applications. The top three crops in terms of acreage are cereals, grown primarily for the harvestable storage starch in the endosperm, although many starchy tuberous crops also provide an important source of calories for various communities around the world. Despite conservation in the core structure of the starch granule, starches from different botanical sources show a high degree of variability, which is exploited in many food and non-food applications. Understanding the factors underpinning starch production and its final structure are of critical importance in guiding future crop improvement endeavours. This special issue contains reviews on these topics and is intended to be a useful resource for researchers involved in improvement of starch-storing crops. View Full-Text
Keywords: archaeology; building block backbone model; cereals; cluster model; dental calculus; endosperm; field trial; glucan water dikinase; Poaceae (grasses); starch archaeology; building block backbone model; cereals; cluster model; dental calculus; endosperm; field trial; glucan water dikinase; Poaceae (grasses); starch
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Tetlow, I.J. Starch Biosynthesis in Crop Plants. Agronomy 2018, 8, 81.

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