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Article

New Insight into the Identity of Italian Grapevine Varieties: The Case Study of Calabrian Germplasm

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Department of Soil, Plant and Food Sciences, University of Bari Aldo Moro, 70126 Bari, Italy
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Center for Research, Experimentation and Training in Agriculture (CRSFA) Basile Caramia, 70010 Locorotondo, Italy
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SINAGRI S.r.l.—Spin Off of the University of Bari Aldo Moro, 70126 Bari, Italy
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Institute for Sustainable Plant Protection, National Research Council of Italy (CNR), 70126 Bari, Italy
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Azienda Regionale per lo Sviluppo dell’Agricoltura in Calabria (ARSAC), 87100 Cosenza, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Carlos Miranda and Jorge Urrestarazu
Agronomy 2021, 11(8), 1538; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11081538
Received: 14 June 2021 / Revised: 27 July 2021 / Accepted: 28 July 2021 / Published: 31 July 2021
Calabria is a region located in Southern Italy and it is characterized by a long tradition of viticulture practices and favorable pedoclimatic conditions for grapevine cultivation. Nevertheless, less than 2% of cultivated land is dedicated to grapevine growing in Calabria. The characterization of local grapevine accessions is crucial to valorize the local and peculiar Italian products and boost the Calabrian winemaking sector. With this purpose, we performed a deep characterization of two widespread Calabrian grapevine varieties—Magliocco Dolce and Brettio Nero, of which very little is known. In particular, a genetic and morphological analysis, a berry physico-chemical and polyphenolic compositions assessment, and oenological evaluation of monovarietal wines were carried out. Our results allowed us to demonstrate that Magliocco Dolce and Brettio Nero are unique and distinct varieties with peculiar morphological and chemical characteristics and show the suitability of these two varieties in high-quality wine production. Moreover, the obtained molecular profiles will be useful for authentication and traceability purposes. View Full-Text
Keywords: varietal identification; microsatellite; ampelography; polyphenols; chemical composition; wine varietal identification; microsatellite; ampelography; polyphenols; chemical composition; wine
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fanelli, V.; Roseti, V.; Savoia, M.A.; Miazzi, M.M.; Venerito, P.; Savino, V.N.; Pirolo, C.; La Notte, P.; Falbo, M.; Petrillo, F.; Montemurro, C. New Insight into the Identity of Italian Grapevine Varieties: The Case Study of Calabrian Germplasm. Agronomy 2021, 11, 1538. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11081538

AMA Style

Fanelli V, Roseti V, Savoia MA, Miazzi MM, Venerito P, Savino VN, Pirolo C, La Notte P, Falbo M, Petrillo F, Montemurro C. New Insight into the Identity of Italian Grapevine Varieties: The Case Study of Calabrian Germplasm. Agronomy. 2021; 11(8):1538. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11081538

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fanelli, Valentina, Vincenzo Roseti, Michele A. Savoia, Monica M. Miazzi, Pasquale Venerito, Vito N. Savino, Costantino Pirolo, Pierfederico La Notte, Maurizio Falbo, Fabio Petrillo, and Cinzia Montemurro. 2021. "New Insight into the Identity of Italian Grapevine Varieties: The Case Study of Calabrian Germplasm" Agronomy 11, no. 8: 1538. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11081538

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