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Open AccessArticle

Influence of Different Birnessite Interlayer Alkali Cations on Catalytic Oxidation of Soot and Light Hydrocarbons

1
Faculty of Chemistry, Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa 2, 30-387 Krakow, Poland
2
Cardiff Catalysis Institute, School of Chemistry, Cardiff University, Main Building, Park Place, Cardiff CF10 3AT, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Catalysts 2020, 10(5), 507; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10050507
Received: 10 April 2020 / Revised: 29 April 2020 / Accepted: 1 May 2020 / Published: 5 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Catalytic Combustion of Soot)
A series of layered birnessite (AMn4O8) catalysts containing different alkali cations (A = H+, Li+, Na+, K+, Rb+, or Cs+) was synthesized. The materials were thoroughly characterized using X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, specific surface area analysis, work function, thermogravimetry/differential scanning calorimetry, and transmission electron microscopy. The catalytic activity in soot combustion in different reaction modes was investigated (tight contact, loose contact, loose contact with NO addition). The activity in the oxidation of light hydrocarbons was evaluated by tests with methane and propane. The obtained results revealed that alkali-promoted manganese oxides are highly catalytically active in oxidative reactions. In soot combustion, the reaction temperature window was shifted by 195 °C, 205 °C, and 90 °C in tight, loose + NO, and loose contact conditions against uncatalyzed oxidation, respectively. The catalysts were similarly active in hydrocarbon combustion, achieving a 40% methane conversion at 600 °C and a total propane conversion at ~450 °C. It was illustrated that the difference in activity between tight and loose contacts can be successfully bridged in the presence of NO due to its facile transformation into NO2 over birnessite. The particular activity of birnessite with H+ cations paves the road for the further development of the active phase, aiming at alternative catalytic systems for efficient soot, light hydrocarbons, and volatile organic compounds removal in the conditions present in combustion engine exhaust gases. View Full-Text
Keywords: Soot; oxidation; volatile organic compound (VOC); birnessite; combustion; alkali; hydrocarbon; methane; propane; manganese Soot; oxidation; volatile organic compound (VOC); birnessite; combustion; alkali; hydrocarbon; methane; propane; manganese
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jakubek, T.; Hudy, C.; Stelmachowski, P.; Nowicka, E.; Golunski, S.; Kotarba, A. Influence of Different Birnessite Interlayer Alkali Cations on Catalytic Oxidation of Soot and Light Hydrocarbons. Catalysts 2020, 10, 507.

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