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Synthesis and Applications of Silver Nanowires for Transparent Conductive Films

1
School of Printing and Packaging Engineering, Beijing Institute of Graphic Communication, Beijing 102600, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Materials Synthesis and Processing, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
The authors contributed equally to this work.
Micromachines 2019, 10(5), 330; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi10050330
Received: 8 April 2019 / Revised: 7 May 2019 / Accepted: 8 May 2019 / Published: 16 May 2019
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Abstract

Flexible transparent conductive electrodes (TCEs) are widely applied in flexible electronic devices. Among these electrodes, silver (Ag) nanowires (NWs) have gained considerable interests due to their excellent electrical and optical performances. Ag NWs with a one-dimensional nanostructure have unique characteristics from those of bulk Ag. In past 10 years, researchers have proposed various synthesis methods of Ag NWs, such as ultraviolet irradiation, template method, polyol method, etc. These methods are discussed and summarized in this review, and we conclude that the advantages of the polyol method are the most obvious. This review also provides a more comprehensive description of the polyol method for the synthesis of Ag NWs, and the synthetic factors including AgNO3 concentration, addition of other metal salts and polyvinyl pyrrolidone are thoroughly elaborated. Furthermore, several problems in the fabrication of Ag NWs-based TCEs and related devices are reviewed. The prospects for applications of Ag NWs-based TCE in solar cells, electroluminescence, electrochromic devices, flexible energy storage equipment, thin-film heaters and stretchable devices are discussed and summarized in detail. View Full-Text
Keywords: silver nanowires; polyol method; flexible device; transparent conductive electrodes; inkjet printing silver nanowires; polyol method; flexible device; transparent conductive electrodes; inkjet printing
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Shi, Y.; He, L.; Deng, Q.; Liu, Q.; Li, L.; Wang, W.; Xin, Z.; Liu, R. Synthesis and Applications of Silver Nanowires for Transparent Conductive Films. Micromachines 2019, 10, 330.

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