A smart floating gate transistor with two control gates was proposed for active noise control in bioelectrical signal measurement. The device, which is low cost and capable of large-scale integration, was implemented in a standard single-poly complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS) process. A model of the device was developed to demonstrate the working principle. Theoretical analysis and simulation results proved the superposition of the two control gates. A series of test experiments were carried out and the results showed that the device was in accordance with the basic electrical characteristics of a floating gate transistor, including the current–voltage (I–V) characteristics and the threshold characteristics observed on the two control gates. Based on the source follower circuit, the experimental results proved that the device can reduce interference by more than 29 dB, which demonstrates the feasibility of the proposed device for active noise control.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited