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Toxins 2019, 11(1), 33; https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins11010033

Safety of Corn and Corn-Based Products Intended for Human Consumption Concerning Fumonisins from a Brazilian Processing Plant

1
Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, State University of Londrina, P.O. Box 10.011, Londrina 86057-970, Paraná, Brazil
2
Department of Pathological Sciences, State University of Londrina, P.O. Box 10.011, Londrina 86057-970, Paraná, Brazil
3
G Tironi Garcia Consultoria Técnica—ME, Andirá 86380-000, Paraná, Brazil
4
Department of Statistics, State University of Londrina, P.O. Box 10.011, Londrina 86057-970, Paraná, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 November 2018 / Revised: 30 December 2018 / Accepted: 4 January 2019 / Published: 10 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fungal Growth and Mycotoxins: Challenges for developing countries)
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Abstract

Brazil is one of the world’s largest corn producers and is a leader in exportation. Due to intense globalization, corn may be commercialized worldwide and the issue concerning the safety of corn-based products has become a topic of widespread international interest. Dietary exposure evaluation is a relevant criterion for mycotoxin risk assessment. Thus, human exposure to fumonisins were assessed for corn grain and its derivatives (endosperm, cornmeal, and grits; n = 320) sampled from one of the large-scale corn processing plants in Brazil. The total probable daily intake (PDI) for fumonisins in Brazil was 96.9 ng kg−1 body weight day−1, which corresponds to 5% of the provisional maximum tolerable daily intake (PMTDI) of 2000 ng kg−1 b.w. day−1 for fumonisins. In countries that import Brazilian corn, the total PDI is lower in European countries (from 35.7 to 177 ng kg−1 b.w. day−1) and higher in Angola (1553 ng kg−1 b.w. day−1). Taking into account that dietary exposure in populations in Brazil and importing countries was low, the corn-based products were safe for human consumption regarding fumonisins, even for regions with high corn consumption. View Full-Text
Keywords: food safety; daily intake; mycotoxins; cornmeal; endosperm; exposure food safety; daily intake; mycotoxins; cornmeal; endosperm; exposure
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Bordini, J.G.; Ono, M.A.; Hirozawa, M.T.; Garcia, G.T.; Vizoni, E.; Ono, E.Y.S. Safety of Corn and Corn-Based Products Intended for Human Consumption Concerning Fumonisins from a Brazilian Processing Plant. Toxins 2019, 11, 33.

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