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Article

Fasting: How to Guide

1
School of Specialization in Food Sciences, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Via Montpellier 1, 00133 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Health Sciences, University of Milan, Via A. di Rudinì, 8, 20142 Milan, Italy
3
PhD School of Applied Medical-Surgical Sciences, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Via Montpellier 1, 00133 Rome, Italy
4
Section of Clinical Nutrition and Nutrigenomic, Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, University of Tor Vergata, Via Montpellier 1, 00133 Rome, Italy
5
Food Working Group, Italian University Network for Sustainable Development (RUS), University of Tor Vergata, Via Cracovia, 00133 Rome, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Takuya Chiba
Nutrients 2021, 13(5), 1570; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13051570
Received: 2 April 2021 / Revised: 30 April 2021 / Accepted: 2 May 2021 / Published: 7 May 2021
Fasting potentials are the most interesting topics in the Nutritional Era. Fasting consists of the catabolism of lipids, proteins, and carbohydrates to maintain blood glucose levels in a normal range. The action mechanisms of fasting were firstly understood in minor organisms and later in humans. Nutritional interventions of caloric restriction could attenuate age-associated epigenetic alterations and could have a protective effect against cellular alterations, promoting longevity and health span. While most fasting studies point out the weight and fat mass decreases, it is important to define specific guidelines for fasting and non-fasting days to enhance adherence, minimize the dropout rates of the interventions, and maximize body composition improvement. Although the panorama of evidence on fasting and caloric restriction is wide, there is a lack of a safe fasting protocol to guide physicians in its prescription. The main goal is to identify a how to use guide, a major posology of fasting, inserted within a huge dietetic personalized strategy leading to an optimal and healthy nutritional status. View Full-Text
Keywords: fasting; starvation; caloric restriction; personalized nutrition; longevity; body composition; diet; Mediterranean model; anti-inflammatory diet fasting; starvation; caloric restriction; personalized nutrition; longevity; body composition; diet; Mediterranean model; anti-inflammatory diet
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MDPI and ACS Style

Attinà, A.; Leggeri, C.; Paroni, R.; Pivari, F.; Dei Cas, M.; Mingione, A.; Dri, M.; Marchetti, M.; Di Renzo, L. Fasting: How to Guide. Nutrients 2021, 13, 1570. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13051570

AMA Style

Attinà A, Leggeri C, Paroni R, Pivari F, Dei Cas M, Mingione A, Dri M, Marchetti M, Di Renzo L. Fasting: How to Guide. Nutrients. 2021; 13(5):1570. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13051570

Chicago/Turabian Style

Attinà, Alda, Claudia Leggeri, Rita Paroni, Francesca Pivari, Michele Dei Cas, Alessandra Mingione, Maria Dri, Marco Marchetti, and Laura Di Renzo. 2021. "Fasting: How to Guide" Nutrients 13, no. 5: 1570. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13051570

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