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Open AccessArticle

The Change in the Content of Nutrients in Diets Eliminating Products of Animal Origin in Comparison to a Regular Diet from the Area of Middle-Eastern Europe

1
Department of Human Nutrition and Metabolomics, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, Broniewskiego 24, 71-460 Szczecin, Poland
2
Primary Care Department, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, Żołnierska 48, 71-210 Szczecin, Poland
3
Department of Toxicology, Dairy Technology and Food Storage, West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Papieża Pawła VI 3, 71-459 Szczecin, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(10), 2986; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12102986
Received: 27 August 2020 / Revised: 24 September 2020 / Accepted: 25 September 2020 / Published: 29 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition Challenges for Middle-Aged and Older Women)
Introduction: The diet of Poles became similar to the western style of nutrition. It is rich in saturated fats, it contains significant quantities of salt, and has very low fruit and vegetable content. On the other hand, introducing an incorrectly planned diet that eliminates animal products may be associated with the risk of deficiencies of certain vitamins and minerals. Taking into account the regular diet of Poles, a properly balanced vegetarian menu may be a better and safer choice for the proper functioning of the organism. Aim: The analysis of the content of individual types of vegetarian diets and a comparison with the menus of the regular diet of the Polish population. Materials and methods: 70 menus were subjected to a quantitative analysis, 10 menus for each 7 type of diet eliminating products of animal origin and regular diets without elimination. The caloricity of the designed diets was ±2000 kcal. The quantitative evaluation of the menus was performed using the Dieta 6d dietary program. Statistical significance was established at p ≤ 0.05. Results: It was observed that the regular diet of Poles (RD) featured the highest content of total fats, as well as saturated acids and cholesterol. The VEGAN diet was characterized by the lowest total protein content and the lack of wholesome protein and cholesterol. RD was characterized by the lowest average content of dietary fiber. The highest content of saccharose was observed in RD. Sodium content in RD significantly exceeded the recommended daily norm. RD featured insufficient content of the following minerals and vitamins: potassium, calcium, magnesium, iodine, Vitamin E, Vitamin C, folates, and Vitamin D. The norm for calcium has not been fulfilled also in milk-free and vegan diets. All of the analyzed diets lacked proper amounts of iodine and Vitamin D. The highest content of polyunsaturated fatty acids was observed in the VEGAN diet. The periodic elimination of meat and fatty dairy products should be included in the treatment of the metabolic syndrome, hypertensions, hyperlipidemia, obesity, and type 2 diabetes. Conclusions: The regular diet of Poles turned out to be more dangerous for health in terms of deficiencies than properly balanced diets eliminating products of animal origin. View Full-Text
Keywords: vegetarian diets; vegetarianism; vitamins; minerals; nutritional habits of Poles vegetarian diets; vegetarianism; vitamins; minerals; nutritional habits of Poles
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kowalska, K.; Brodowski, J.; Pokorska-Niewiada, K.; Szczuko, M. The Change in the Content of Nutrients in Diets Eliminating Products of Animal Origin in Comparison to a Regular Diet from the Area of Middle-Eastern Europe. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2986. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12102986

AMA Style

Kowalska K, Brodowski J, Pokorska-Niewiada K, Szczuko M. The Change in the Content of Nutrients in Diets Eliminating Products of Animal Origin in Comparison to a Regular Diet from the Area of Middle-Eastern Europe. Nutrients. 2020; 12(10):2986. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12102986

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kowalska, Kamila; Brodowski, Jacek; Pokorska-Niewiada, Kamila; Szczuko, Małgorzata. 2020. "The Change in the Content of Nutrients in Diets Eliminating Products of Animal Origin in Comparison to a Regular Diet from the Area of Middle-Eastern Europe" Nutrients 12, no. 10: 2986. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12102986

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