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Iron Deficiency and Iron Homeostasis in Low Birth Weight Preterm Infants: A Systematic Review

1
Department of Physiology, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
2
Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology “José Mataix Verdú”, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
3
Department of Nutritional Sciences, School of Life Course Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences & Medicine, King’s College London, London SE1 9NH, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(5), 1090; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11051090
Received: 11 February 2019 / Revised: 14 May 2019 / Accepted: 15 May 2019 / Published: 16 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Iron Intake and Human Health)
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PDF [532 KB, uploaded 16 May 2019]
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Abstract

Iron is an essential micronutrient that is involved in many functions in humans, as it plays a critical role in the growth and development of the central nervous system, among others. Premature and low birth weight infants have higher iron requirements due to increased postnatal growth compared to that of term infants and are, therefore, susceptible to a higher risk of developing iron deficiency or iron deficiency anemia. Notwithstanding, excess iron could affect organ development during the postnatal period, particularly in premature infants that have an immature and undeveloped antioxidant system. It is important, therefore, to perform a review and analyze the effects of iron status on the growth of premature infants. This is a transversal descriptive study of retrieved reports in the scientific literature by a systematic technique. PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines were adapted for the review strategy. The inclusion criteria for the studies were made using the PICO (population, intervention, comparison, outcome) model. Consequently, the systematic reviews that included studies published between 2008–2018 were evaluated based on the impact of iron status on parameters of growth and development in preterm infants. View Full-Text
Keywords: iron; growth; development; infant; premature iron; growth; development; infant; premature
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style

Moreno-Fernandez, J.; Ochoa, J.J.; Latunde-Dada, G.O.; Diaz-Castro, J. Iron Deficiency and Iron Homeostasis in Low Birth Weight Preterm Infants: A Systematic Review. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1090.

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