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Open AccessReview

Human Postprandial Nutrient Metabolism and Low-Grade Inflammation: A Narrative Review

1
Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Amsterdam University Medical Centers, Location Academic Medical Center (AMC), PO box 22660, 1100 DD Amsterdam, The Netherlands
2
Department of Vascular Medicine, Amsterdam University Medical Centers, Location AMC, 1100 DD Amsterdam, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(12), 3000; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11123000
Received: 7 November 2019 / Revised: 3 December 2019 / Accepted: 4 December 2019 / Published: 7 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Arthritis and Nutrition: Can Food Be Medicine?)
The importance of the postprandial state has been acknowledged, since hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia are linked with several chronic systemic low-grade inflammation conditions. Humans spend more than 16 h per day in the postprandial state and the postprandial state is acknowledged as a complex interplay between nutrients, hormones and diet-derived metabolites. The purpose of this review is to provide insight into the physiology of the postprandial inflammatory response, the role of different nutrients, the pro-inflammatory effects of metabolic endotoxemia and the anti-inflammatory effects of bile acids. Moreover, we discuss nutritional strategies that may be linked to the described pathways to modulate the inflammatory component of the postprandial response. View Full-Text
Keywords: postprandial inflammation; low-grade inflammation; nutrients; bile acids; microbiome postprandial inflammation; low-grade inflammation; nutrients; bile acids; microbiome
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MDPI and ACS Style

Meessen, E.C.E.; Warmbrunn, M.V.; Nieuwdorp, M.; Soeters, M.R. Human Postprandial Nutrient Metabolism and Low-Grade Inflammation: A Narrative Review. Nutrients 2019, 11, 3000. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11123000

AMA Style

Meessen ECE, Warmbrunn MV, Nieuwdorp M, Soeters MR. Human Postprandial Nutrient Metabolism and Low-Grade Inflammation: A Narrative Review. Nutrients. 2019; 11(12):3000. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11123000

Chicago/Turabian Style

Meessen, Emma C.E.; Warmbrunn, Moritz V.; Nieuwdorp, Max; Soeters, Maarten R. 2019. "Human Postprandial Nutrient Metabolism and Low-Grade Inflammation: A Narrative Review" Nutrients 11, no. 12: 3000. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11123000

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