Next Article in Journal
Sesamol Increases Ucp1 Expression in White Adipose Tissues and Stimulates Energy Expenditure in High-Fat Diet-Fed Obese Mice
Previous Article in Journal
Independent and Interactive Influences of Environmental UVR, Vitamin D Levels, and Folate Variant MTHFD1-rs2236225 on Homocysteine Levels
Previous Article in Special Issue
Human Postprandial Nutrient Metabolism and Low-Grade Inflammation: A Narrative Review
Open AccessReview

Dietary Habits and Nutrition in Rheumatoid Arthritis: Can Diet Influence Disease Development and Clinical Manifestations?

1
Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche, Internistiche, Anestesiologiche e Cardiovascolari-Reumatologia, Sapienza University of Rome, 00161 Roma, Italy
2
Dipartimento di Medicina Sperimentale, Sapienza University of Rome, 00161 Roma, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(5), 1456; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12051456
Received: 15 April 2020 / Revised: 14 May 2020 / Accepted: 14 May 2020 / Published: 18 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Arthritis and Nutrition: Can Food Be Medicine?)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic, autoimmune disease characterized by joint involvement, with progressive cartilage and bone destruction. Genetic and environmental factors determine RA susceptibility. In recent years, an increasing number of studies suggested that diet has a central role in disease risk and progression. Several nutrients, such as polyunsaturated fatty acids, present anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, featuring a protective role for RA development, while others such as red meat and salt have a harmful effect. Gut microbiota alteration and body composition modifications are indirect mechanisms of how diet influences RA onset and progression. Possible protective effects of some dietary patterns and supplements, such as the Mediterranean Diet (MD), vitamin D and probiotics, could be a possible future adjunctive therapy to standard RA treatment. Therefore, a healthy lifestyle and nutrition have to be encouraged in patients with RA. View Full-Text
Keywords: Rheumatoid Arthritis; diet; nutrition; pathogenesis; Mediterranean Diet Rheumatoid Arthritis; diet; nutrition; pathogenesis; Mediterranean Diet
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Gioia, C.; Lucchino, B.; Tarsitano, M.G.; Iannuccelli, C.; Di Franco, M. Dietary Habits and Nutrition in Rheumatoid Arthritis: Can Diet Influence Disease Development and Clinical Manifestations? Nutrients 2020, 12, 1456. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12051456

AMA Style

Gioia C, Lucchino B, Tarsitano MG, Iannuccelli C, Di Franco M. Dietary Habits and Nutrition in Rheumatoid Arthritis: Can Diet Influence Disease Development and Clinical Manifestations? Nutrients. 2020; 12(5):1456. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12051456

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gioia, Chiara; Lucchino, Bruno; Tarsitano, Maria G.; Iannuccelli, Cristina; Di Franco, Manuela. 2020. "Dietary Habits and Nutrition in Rheumatoid Arthritis: Can Diet Influence Disease Development and Clinical Manifestations?" Nutrients 12, no. 5: 1456. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12051456

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop