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Nutrients 2018, 10(6), 759; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10060759

The Consumption of Dairy and Its Association with Nutritional Status in the South East Asian Nutrition Surveys (SEANUTS)

1
National Institute of Nutrition, 48B Tang Bat Ho Street, Hanoi 10000, Vietnam
2
Persatuan Ahli Gizi Indonesia, Jalan Hang Jebat III/F3, Kebayoran Baru, Jakarta 12120, Indonesia
3
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz, 50300 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
4
Institute of Nutrition Mahidol University, Phuttamonthon 4, Nakhon Pathom 73170, Thailand
5
Nutrition Consultant, 055 Laurel Street, 3319 Ramon, Isabela, The Philippines
6
FrieslandCampina, Stationsplein 4, 3818 LE Amersfoort, The Netherlands
The SEANUTS Study Group comprises the following. Vietnam: Khanh Le Nguyen Bao, Chinh Nguyen Huu, Hop Le Thi, Truong Nguyen Hong, Van Anh Nguyen Do, Do Tran Thanh, Nga Tran Thuy, Nhung Bui Thi, Dzung Nguyen Dinh, Tuoc Bui Van, Khang Nguyen Van, Dzung Nguyen Viet, Luan Nguyen Viet, Ha Nguyen Thu Ha, Xuyen Hoang Thi, Long Nguyen Van, Hai Tran Thi, Long Pham Si, Huong Nguyen Thi, Ngan Nguyen Thi, Thao Le Thanh, Kieu Dau Thi, Thang Dinh Tat, Mai Nguyen Thi Tuyet. Indonesia: Sandjaja Sandjaja, Basuki Budiman, Moesijanti Soekatri, Heryudarini Harahap, Fitrah Ernawati, Yekti Widodo, Edith Sumedi, Nurmeida S. Syarief, Rustan Effendi, Gustina Sofia, Minarto, Hidayat Syarief. Malaysia: Poh Bee Koon, Norimah A Karim, Ruzita A Talib, Siti Balkis Budin, Alvin Ng Lai Oon, Siti Haslinda Mohd Din, Wong Jyh Eiin, Mohd Ismail Noor, Rahman Jamal, Nor Azmi Kamaruddin, Nik Shanita Safii, Chin Yit Siew, Wee Bee Suan, Nor Aini Jamil A. Wahab. Thailand: Nipa Rojroongwasinkul, Atitada Boonpraderm, Pattanee Winichagoon, Petcharat Kunaphan, Uruwan Yamborisut, Wanphen Wimonpeerapattana, Sayamon Senaprom, Kallaya Kijboonchoo, Wiyada Thasanasuwan, Weerachat Srichan, Kusol Soonthorndhada, Sasiumphai Purttiponthanee. FrieslandCampina: Ilse Khouw, Panam Parikh, Swee Ai Ng, Anne Schaafsma, Marjolijn Bragt.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 April 2018 / Revised: 30 May 2018 / Accepted: 5 June 2018 / Published: 13 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dairy Products)
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Abstract

Despite a major decrease in undernutrition worldwide over the last 25 years, underweight and stunting in children still persist as public health issues especially in Africa and Asia. Adequate nutrition is one of the key factors for healthy growth and development of children. In this study, the associations between dairy consumption and nutritional status in the South East Asian Nutrition Survey (SEANUTS) were investigated. National representative data of 12,376 children in Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Vietnam aged between 1 and 12 years were pooled, representing nearly 88 million children in this age category. It was found that the prevalence of stunting and underweight was lower in children who consumed dairy on a daily basis (10.0% and 12.0%, respectively) compared to children who did not use dairy (21.4% and 18.0%, respectively) (p < 0.05). The prevalence of vitamin A deficiency and vitamin D insufficiency was lower in the group of dairy users (3.9% and 39.4%, respectively) compared to non-dairy consumers (7.5% and 53.8%, respectively) (p < 0.05). This study suggests that dairy as part of a daily diet plays an important role in growth and supports a healthy vitamin A and vitamin D status. View Full-Text
Keywords: dairy; SEANUTS; stunting; underweight; vitamin A; vitamin D; haemoglobin dairy; SEANUTS; stunting; underweight; vitamin A; vitamin D; haemoglobin
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Nguyen Bao, K.L.; Sandjaja, S.; Poh, B.K.; Rojroongwasinkul, N.; Huu, C.N.; Sumedi, E.; Aini, J.N.; Senaprom, S.; Deurenberg, P.; Bragt, M.; Khouw, I.; on behalf of the SEANUTS Study Group. The Consumption of Dairy and Its Association with Nutritional Status in the South East Asian Nutrition Surveys (SEANUTS). Nutrients 2018, 10, 759.

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