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Review

Research on Environmental, Economic, and Social Sustainability in Dairy Farming: A Systematic Mapping of Current Literature

1
Department of Animal Environment and Health, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), P.O. Box 234, S-53223 Skara, Sweden
2
Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), P.O. Box 7013, S-75007 Uppsala, Sweden
3
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, P.O. Box 5401, S-40229 Göteborg, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(14), 5502; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145502
Received: 3 June 2020 / Revised: 30 June 2020 / Accepted: 1 July 2020 / Published: 8 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Sustainable Livestock Production)
Dairy cows are able to convert fibrous materials, such as grass, roughage, and by-products from the food industry, into milk and meat, which justifies their role in food production. However, modern dairy farming is associated with major sustainability challenges, including greenhouse gas emissions. In order to develop sustainable future production, it is important to implement existing knowledge and fill knowledge gaps. The aim of this study was to systematically map the scientific literature on environmental, economic, and social sustainability at farm level in dairy farming. Literature published between January 2000 and March 2020 and with the geographical focus on Europe, North America, and Australia–New Zealand was included. In total, the literature search resulted in 169 hits, but after removing duplicates and papers outside the study scope only 35 papers remained. Of these, only 11 dealt with the three dimensions of sustainability, and several of these only mentioned one or two of the dimensions or set them in relation to that/those actually studied. Overall, the selected literature did not clearly explain how aspects of sustainability are interlinked, so possible negative or positive interactions between different aspects of sustainability dimensions remain unidentified. View Full-Text
Keywords: dairy cow; animal welfare; ecology; life cycle assessment; sustainable production dairy cow; animal welfare; ecology; life cycle assessment; sustainable production
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MDPI and ACS Style

Arvidsson Segerkvist, K.; Hansson, H.; Sonesson, U.; Gunnarsson, S. Research on Environmental, Economic, and Social Sustainability in Dairy Farming: A Systematic Mapping of Current Literature. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5502. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145502

AMA Style

Arvidsson Segerkvist K, Hansson H, Sonesson U, Gunnarsson S. Research on Environmental, Economic, and Social Sustainability in Dairy Farming: A Systematic Mapping of Current Literature. Sustainability. 2020; 12(14):5502. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145502

Chicago/Turabian Style

Arvidsson Segerkvist, Katarina, Helena Hansson, Ulf Sonesson, and Stefan Gunnarsson. 2020. "Research on Environmental, Economic, and Social Sustainability in Dairy Farming: A Systematic Mapping of Current Literature" Sustainability 12, no. 14: 5502. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145502

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