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Article

How the Belt and Road Initiative Informs Language Planning Policies in China and among the Countries along the Road

English Department, School of Foreign Languages, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, China
Sustainability 2020, 12(14), 5506; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145506
Received: 9 June 2020 / Revised: 6 July 2020 / Accepted: 6 July 2020 / Published: 8 July 2020
Given that the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) has penetrated most, if not all, fields in China and the countries along the road, this paper attempts to join the existing literature by providing a unique perspective (language planning) to understand the BRI and its impacts. The article presents the way in which the BRI has informed language planning policies among China and approximately 65 countries along the road. From an ecological standpoint, it proposes how BRI language planning aims at promoting and constructing a language-and-discourse ecosystem. Taking an interpretive policy analysis method, it analyzes policy documents and the existing literature by elaborating upon the planners, purposes and principles involved in designing the language planning initiative. Specifically, different ministries, departments and committees have worked together to propose a systemic, sustainable language plan for BRI; BRI language planning then serves communication, discourse power, global governance and socioeconomics purposes. Under the overarching ecosystem planning, specific planning principles, including Chinese language status planning, foreign language planning, language structure planning, language-in-education planning and language service planning, co-evolve to sustain the system. Instead of simply depicting the language-and-discourse ecosystem, this article also discusses challenges that BRI language planning initiative might meet along the way of its implementation, including the avoidance of making language unity the same as language imperialism, and continued efforts to balance language internationalization and language localization. View Full-Text
Keywords: The Belt and Road Initiative; language planning policies; ecological stance; interpretive policy analysis method; challenges The Belt and Road Initiative; language planning policies; ecological stance; interpretive policy analysis method; challenges
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gao, Y. How the Belt and Road Initiative Informs Language Planning Policies in China and among the Countries along the Road. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5506. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145506

AMA Style

Gao Y. How the Belt and Road Initiative Informs Language Planning Policies in China and among the Countries along the Road. Sustainability. 2020; 12(14):5506. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145506

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gao, Yang. 2020. "How the Belt and Road Initiative Informs Language Planning Policies in China and among the Countries along the Road" Sustainability 12, no. 14: 5506. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145506

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