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Article

Impacts of Moringa oleifera Foliage Substituted for Concentrate Feed on Growth, Nutrient Digestibility, Hematological Attributes, and Blood Minerals of Growing Goats under Abu Dhabi Conditions

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Research and Development Division, Abu Dhabi Agriculture and Food Safety Authority, P.O. Box 52150, Abu Dhabi, UAE
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Department of Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, Sharkia 44519, Egypt
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Poultry Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Zagazig University, Zagazig 44511, Egypt
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Department of Animal Husbandry and Animal Wealth Development, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Alexandria University, Edfina 22758, Egypt
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Animal Production Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Zagazig University, Zagazig 44511, Egypt
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(15), 6096; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156096
Received: 23 May 2020 / Revised: 8 July 2020 / Accepted: 9 July 2020 / Published: 29 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Sustainable Livestock Production)
To avoid the depletion and degradation of natural resources and to maintain long-term environmental quality and sustainability, the present study investigated the impacts of Moringa oleifera foliage (MF) as a replacement for concentrate feed on growth performance, blood hematology, serum metabolites, and serum mineral profile in growing goats. A total of 30 growing local goats (4 months old ± 7 days, with an average weight of 15.80 kg ± 147 g), were randomly allotted to five treatment groups comprising 0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, or 100% of MF replacing the concentrate feed as daily feed. The MF75 and MF100 percent diets decreased (p < 0.05) final body weight (FBW), average daily gain (ADG), and crude protein (CP) of the diet. Moreover, MF up to 75% improved acid detergent fiber (ADF) digestibility. Feeding MF at different levels did not have any deleterious effects on blood chemistry parameters. Urea, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) values were depressed (p < 0.05), due to increasing the MF (MF50, MF75, and MF100) level in the diet of growing goats kept in an arid region, when compared to the control group. Both of MF75 and MF100 led to a decrease (p < 0.05) in phosphorous (P) level, compared with the other groups. The results were interpreted that feeding MF to replace 25% DM of the concentrate feed had no adverse effects on growth performance, feed utilization, serum metabolites, and serum minerals in growing goats reared under arid conditions. The increasing of MF level up to 50% or more significantly altered ADG and blood levels of creatinine, urea and ALP. View Full-Text
Keywords: Moringa oleifera; goats; growth; blood indices; arid conditions Moringa oleifera; goats; growth; blood indices; arid conditions
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zaher, H.A.; Alawaash, S.A.; Tolba, A.M.; Swelum, A.A.; Abd El-Hack, M.E.; Taha, A.E.; Abdelnour, S.A. Impacts of Moringa oleifera Foliage Substituted for Concentrate Feed on Growth, Nutrient Digestibility, Hematological Attributes, and Blood Minerals of Growing Goats under Abu Dhabi Conditions. Sustainability 2020, 12, 6096. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156096

AMA Style

Zaher HA, Alawaash SA, Tolba AM, Swelum AA, Abd El-Hack ME, Taha AE, Abdelnour SA. Impacts of Moringa oleifera Foliage Substituted for Concentrate Feed on Growth, Nutrient Digestibility, Hematological Attributes, and Blood Minerals of Growing Goats under Abu Dhabi Conditions. Sustainability. 2020; 12(15):6096. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156096

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zaher, Hany A., Saeed A. Alawaash, Amir M. Tolba, Ayman A. Swelum, Mohamed E. Abd El-Hack, Ayman E. Taha, and Sameh A. Abdelnour. 2020. "Impacts of Moringa oleifera Foliage Substituted for Concentrate Feed on Growth, Nutrient Digestibility, Hematological Attributes, and Blood Minerals of Growing Goats under Abu Dhabi Conditions" Sustainability 12, no. 15: 6096. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156096

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