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Article

Value Creation through Corporate Sustainability in the Port Sector: A Structured Literature Analysis

Hapag-Lloyd Center for Shipping and Global Logistics (CSGL), Kühne Logistics University, Großer Grasbrook 17, 20457 Hamburg, Germany
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Sustainability 2020, 12(14), 5504; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145504
Received: 31 May 2020 / Revised: 24 June 2020 / Accepted: 27 June 2020 / Published: 8 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Port Strategy for Sustainable Development)
Corporate Sustainability (CS) in the port sector has emerged as an important driver behind strategy definition for port authorities globally. It has been argued that CS practices have the potential of delivering value for port users and, as such, grant port operators and port managing entities competitive advantages. There is, however, limited evidence behind this claim. The difficulty with collecting such evidence is that we lack measures of port value creation, and CS metrics have rarely been developed and applied in ports. This paper provides a framework for collecting empirical evidence aimed at assessing in what way CS can benefit port competitiveness. The framework is built on a systematic literature analysis of the past years. The literature analysis exceeds previous comparable contributions by its analytical detail and provides valuable new insights on sustainability in the maritime domain. The research indicates that the accurate measurement of CS initiatives in the port sector is urgent and meaningful. When appropriately measured, the value that CS can deliver to port users becomes apparent. This is, however, often created indirectly via branding, risk mitigation, etc. The paper contributes to academic knowledge as it is the first to develop a rigorous CS measurement framework usable for ports in terms of value. View Full-Text
Keywords: corporate sustainability; green ports; scale development; stakeholders; corporate social responsibility corporate sustainability; green ports; scale development; stakeholders; corporate social responsibility
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MDPI and ACS Style

Stein, M.; Acciaro, M. Value Creation through Corporate Sustainability in the Port Sector: A Structured Literature Analysis. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5504. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145504

AMA Style

Stein M, Acciaro M. Value Creation through Corporate Sustainability in the Port Sector: A Structured Literature Analysis. Sustainability. 2020; 12(14):5504. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145504

Chicago/Turabian Style

Stein, Michael, and Michele Acciaro. 2020. "Value Creation through Corporate Sustainability in the Port Sector: A Structured Literature Analysis" Sustainability 12, no. 14: 5504. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145504

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