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Open AccessArticle

Simulation of Human Activity Intensity and Its Influence on Mammal Diversity in Sanjiangyuan National Park, China

1
Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science and Technology, Key Laboratory for Land Satellite Remote Sensing Applications of Ministry of Natural Resources, School of Geography and Ocean Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
2
Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(11), 4601; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114601
Received: 4 April 2020 / Revised: 29 May 2020 / Accepted: 1 June 2020 / Published: 4 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wildlife Conservation: A Sustainability Perspective)
The rapid pace of development in western China has brought about inevitable concerns for environmental conditions and their management. The Sanjiangyuan National Park strives to address concerns for sustainable water resources management and biodiversity management, especially for the protection of endangered flora and fauna. In this study, a machine learning model (MaxEnt) was used to predict the human activity intensity and its effects on species in Sanjiangyuan protected by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). The model used human settlements as input and datasets such as terrain factors, climate, and artificial structures as environmental factors. The results showed that human activity intensity was significantly different between the East and the West. The area with the highest human activity intensity was Yushu County in the south area, and Xinghai-Zeku County in the east. By comparing the mammal richness with human activity intensity, we found human–wildlife coexistence in Sanjiangyuan. A detailed analysis on the CITES protected species showed that many important species, such as snow leopards, red pandas, and small Indian civets, occupied areas with high human activity intensity. The national park protects 3/4 CITES species with 1/3 in the area of the Sanjiangyuan region, owing to the relatively low human activity intensity. View Full-Text
Keywords: biodiversity; human activity intensity; human–wildlife coexistence; MaxEnt; Sanjiangyuan National Park biodiversity; human activity intensity; human–wildlife coexistence; MaxEnt; Sanjiangyuan National Park
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MDPI and ACS Style

Xi, C.; Chi, Y.; Qian, T.; Zhang, W.; Wang, J. Simulation of Human Activity Intensity and Its Influence on Mammal Diversity in Sanjiangyuan National Park, China. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4601.

AMA Style

Xi C, Chi Y, Qian T, Zhang W, Wang J. Simulation of Human Activity Intensity and Its Influence on Mammal Diversity in Sanjiangyuan National Park, China. Sustainability. 2020; 12(11):4601.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Xi, Changbai; Chi, Yao; Qian, Tianlu; Zhang, Wenhan; Wang, Jiechen. 2020. "Simulation of Human Activity Intensity and Its Influence on Mammal Diversity in Sanjiangyuan National Park, China" Sustainability 12, no. 11: 4601.

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